Social Sciences Reviews | December 2013

redstarHamilton, Nigel. The Mantle of Command: FDR at War, 1941–1942. Houghton Harcourt. May 2014. 512p. illus. notes. index. ISBN 9780547775241. $30. BIOG

Franklin D. Roosevelt’s role as commander in chief of the military during World War II has not been covered as much as other aspects of his presidency. Hamilton (senior fellow, McCormack Graduate Sch., Univ. of Massachusetts-Boston; JFK: Reckess Youth) is well qualified to remedy that, showing how FDR worked with individuals and nations. He blasts Winston Churchill’s colonialist values, poor selection of military leaders, and constant meddling in their tactical plans, as well as Douglas MacArthur’s vanity and failure to prepare for a Japanese attack, but shows that FDR appreciated both men as fighters. Hamilton presents FDR as a serious student of world affairs who learned from his six years as assistant secretary of the navy. Unlike most books on Henry Stimson, FDR’s secretary of war, and George C. Marshall, his chief of staff of the army, Hamilton’s work critiques them for their opposition to Operation Torch in French North Africa in 1942, opposition that was near mutiny against the president. Marshall’s disagreement, Hamilton charges, cost him command of the Normandy invasion: FDR brought Adm. William Leahy out of retirement to be chairman of the combined chiefs of staff, putting the Pentagon in its place just as he did the Axis powers. VERDICT This convincingly written and gripping volume is essential for historians, political scientists, and history buffs, for a deeper understanding of the principle of civilian supremacy of the military in the U.S. political system.—­William D. Pederson, Louisiana State Univ., ­Shreveport

lopezLópez, Ian Haney. Dog Whistle Politics: How Coded Racial Appeals Have Reinvented Racism and Wrecked the Middle Class. Oxford Univ. Jan. 2014. 336p. notes. index. ISBN 9780199964277. $24.95. POL SCI

López (White by Law) examines the intersections of declining economic opportunities and race affiliation as expressed by political parties. He defines “dog-whistle politics” as coded racial appeals that invite hostility toward a target group, a practice employed by both major parties but far more extensively by the Republican Party. López discusses how some members of a middle class that benefited from the opportunities provided by a growing liberal federal governmental system have been swayed into polarized GOP voter groups, a deciding factor in many political contests. Beginning with Nixon’s 1960 presidential campaign in the South, the book follows the evolution of coded racial appeals, including those of Bill Clinton to attract whites away from the GOP. López offers a number of approaches that political parties, unions, civil rights groups, and progressives may consider incorporating into their political activities to offset dog-whistle politics, e.g., stick to a “positive liberal vision,” identify those who are engaging in dog-whistle politics, and openly address issues of race. VERDICT Grounded in history rather than theory, this is recommended to readers engaged in today’s political discourse.—Marcus Kieltyka, Central Washington Univ. Lib., Ellensburg

Tashiro, Ty. The Science of Happily Ever After: What Really Matters in the Quest for Enduring Love. Harlequin. Feb. 2014. 304p. bibliog. index. ISBN 9780373892907. $24.95; ebk. ISBN 9781460325445. PSYCH

In his first book, relationship expert Tashiro (Discovery Network’s Fit and Healthy Channel) encourages love-seeking singles to imagine a fairy godmother granting them three wishes to define their ideal partners. Tashiro theorizes that limiting the wishes to three will make the recipients pause and think about what matters in romantic relationships. He strategizes with readers to make the best decisions, with the goal of achieving stable and satisfying relationships. Tashiro points out that studies show marital instability to be the norm rather than the exception, with only 33 percent of couples finding enduring love. He explores such topics as the nature of lust, innate survival mechanisms, and the power of personality. Interestingly, although Tashiro places little emphasis on the popular theory that relationships are unconsciously initiated to heal the unmet needs of childhood (as in Harville Hendrix’s Getting the Love You Want), he contends that child/caregiver attachment patterns are remarkably predictive of future attachments to romantic partners. VERDICT This engaging and thought-provoking book is highly recommended for readers seeking to learn more about romantic relationship dynamics and is especially ideal for singles.—Linda Petty, Wimberley, TX

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The following titles are reviewed in this month's print issue.
Visit Book Verdict for the full reviews.

Anthropology & Customs

Clifford, James. Returns: Becoming Indigenous in the Twenty-First Century. Harvard Univ. 2013. 358p. illus. bibliog. index. ISBN 9780674724921. $39.95. ANTHRO


Orsi, Jared. Citizen Explorer: The Life of Zebulon Pike. Oxford Univ. Jan. 2014. 400p. illus. notes. bibliog. index. ISBN 9780199768721. $29.95. BIOG

Schafer, Daniel L. Zephaniah Kingsley Jr. and the Atlantic World: Slave Trader, Plantation Owner, Emancipator. Univ. Pr. of Florida. 2013. 384p. illus. notes. bibliog. index. ISBN 9780813044620. $29.95. BIOG


Friedman, Walter A. Fortune Tellers: The Story of America’s First Economic Forecasters. Princeton Univ. Dec. 2013. 288p. photos. notes. index.

ISBN 9780691159119. $29.95; ebk. ISBN 9781400849864. BUS

Joel, Mitch. Ctrl Alt Delete: Reboot Your Business, Reboot Your Life, Your Future Depends on It. Business Plus: Grand Central. 2013. 288p. index. ISBN 9781455523306. $27.99. BUS

Vaynerchuk, Gary. Jab, Jab, Jab, Right Hook: How To Tell Your Story in a Noisy Social World. Harper Business. Dec. 2013. 224p. notes. ISBN 9780062273062. $29.99; ebk. ISBN 9780062273079. BUS


Miller, Donalyn & Susan Kelley. Reading

in the Wild: The Book Whisperer’s Keys to Cultivating Lifelong Reading Habits. Jossey-Bass. 2013. 352p. index. ISBN 9780470900307. pap. $22.95; ebk. ISBN 9781118235010. ED

Sostrin, Jesse. Beyond the Job Description: How Managers and Employees Can Navigate the True Demands of the Job. Palgrave Macmillan. Dec. 2013. 256p. notes. bibliog. index. ISBN 9781137337405. $30. CAREERS


Ardrey, Adam. Finding Arthur: The True Origins of the Once and Future King. Overlook. 2013. 368p. maps. notes. bibliog. index. ISBN 9781468306897. $26.95. HIST

redstarAssociated Press. Vietnam: The Real War; A Photographic History by the Associated Press. Abrams. 2013. 304p. photos. index. ISBN 9781419708640. $40. HIST

Basbanes, Nicholas A. On Paper: The Everything of Its Two-Thousand-Year History. Knopf. 2013. 448p. illus. notes. bibliog. index. ISBN 9780307266422. $35; ebk. ISBN 9780385350440. HIST

redstarBethencourt, Francisco. Racisms: From the Crusades to the Twentieth Century. Princeton Univ. Dec. 2013. 448p. illus. maps. notes. index. ISBN 9780691155265. $39.50. HIST

Brotton, Jerry. A History of the World in 12 Maps. Viking. 2013. 544p. illus. maps. notes. index. ISBN 9780670023394. $40. HIST

Burns, James MacGregor. Fire and Light: How the Enlightenment Transformed Our World. Thomas Dunne: St. Martin’s. 2013. 352p. notes. index. ISBN 9781250024893. $27.99; ebk. ISBN 9781250024909. HIST

Frank, Marc. Cuban Revelations: Behind the Scenes in Havana. Univ. Pr.

of Florida. 2013. 336p. notes. bibliog. index. ISBN 9780813044651. $29.95. HIST

Goodwin, Doris Kearns. The Bully Pulpit: Theodore Roosevelt, William Howard Taft, and the Golden Age of Journalism.

S. & S. 2013. 960p. illus. notes. index. ISBN 9781416547860. $40; ebk. ISBN 9781451673791. HIST

Linklater, Andro. Owning the Earth: The Transforming History of Land Ownership. Bloomsbury. 2013. 496p. maps. notes. bibliog. index. ISBN 9781620402894. $30; ebk. ISBN 9781620402900. HIST

Roach, Marilynne K. Six Women of Salem: The Untold Story of the Accused and Their Accusers in the Salem Witch Trials. Da Capo. 2013. 448p. illus. notes. bibliog. index. ISBN 9780306821202. pap. $18.99; ebk. ISBN 9780306822346. HIST

Schrad, Mark Lawrence. Vodka Politics: Alcohol, Autocracy, and the Secret History of the Russian State. Oxford Univ. Feb. 2014. 592p. illus. notes. bibliog. ISBN 9780199755592. $35. HIST

redstarSparks, Randy J. Where the Negroes Are Masters: An African Port in the Era of the Slave Trade. Harvard Univ. Jan. 2014. 312p. illus. notes. index. ISBN 9780674724877. $29.95. HIST

Tippins, Sherill. Inside the Dream Palace: The Life and Times of New York’s Legendary Chelsea Hotel. Houghton Harcourt. Dec. 2013. 448p. illus. notes. bibliog. index. ISBN 9780618726349. $30. HIST

Law & Crime

Di Mambro, Dina. True Hollywood Noir: Filmland

Mysteries and Murders. CreateSpace: Amazon. 2013. 268p. photos. bibliog. index. ISBN 9781492338857. pap. $16.95. CRIME

Fourth City: Essays from the Prison in America. Michigan State Univ. 2013. 320p. ed. by Doran Larson. notes. index. ISBN 9781611861075; ebk. ISBN 9781609173975. CRIME

Perry, Douglas. Eliot Ness: The Rise and Fall of an American Hero. Viking. Feb. 2014. 352p. notes. bibliog. index. ISBN 9780670025886. $27.95. LAW

Scott, Michael. Scapegoats: Thirteen Victims of Military Injustice. Elliott & Thompson. 2013. 322p. illus. maps. index. ISBN 9781908739681. $29.95. LAW

Political Science

Hopgood, Stephen. The Endtimes of Human Rights. Cornell Univ. 2013. 272p. illus. notes. bibliog. index. ISBN 9780801452376. $27.95. POL SCI

Shaw, Catherine. The Campaign Manager: Running and Winning Local Elections. 5th ed. Westview. Jan. 2014. 464p. illus. index. ISBN 9780813348636. pap. $39; ebk. ISBN 9780813348643. POL SCI


Saul, Richard. ADHD Does Not Exist: The Truth About Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorder. HarperWave. Mar. 2014. 336p. notes. index. ISBN 9780062266736. $23.99; ebk. ISBN 9780062266750. PSYCH

Vyse, Stuart A. Believing in Magic: The Psychology of Superstition. rev. ed. Oxford Univ. 2013. 336p. notes. bibliog. index. ISBN 9780199996926. pap. $19.95. PSYCH

Social Science

Hofler, Robert. Sexplosion: From Andy Warhol to A Clockwork Orange—How a Generation of Pop Rebels Broke All the Taboos. It: HarperCollins. Feb. 2014. 368p. notes. bibliog. index. ISBN 9780062088345. $27.99. SOC SCI

Mahoney, Rosemary. For the Benefit of Those Who See: Dispatches from the World of the Blind. Little, Brown. Jan. 2014. 288p. bibliog. ISBN 9780316043427. $27; ebk. ISBN 9780316248709. SOC SCI

Naughton, John. From Gutenberg to Zuckerberg: Disruptive Innovation in the Age of the Internet. Quercus. Jan. 2014. 320p. illus. notes. index. ISBN 9781623650629. $24.95; ebk. ISBN 9781623650636. SOC SCI

Voice Male: The Untold Story of the Pro-Feminist Men’s Movement. Interlink. Jan. 2014. 320p. ed. by Rob A. Okun. ISBN 9781566569446. $45. SOC SCI

Travel & Geography

Fletcher, Robert. Romancing the Wild: Cultural Dimensions of Ecotourism. Duke Univ. Mar. 2014. 264p. illus. notes. bibliog. index. ISBN 9780822355830. $89.95; pap. ISBN 9780822356004. $24.95. TRAV

Henriksson, Markku. Route 66: A Road to America’s Landscape, History, and Culture. Texas Tech Univ. 2013. 296p. illus. index. ISBN 9780896726772. $65; pap. ISBN 9780896728257. $39.95; ebk. ISBN 9780896728264. TRAV