Streaming Media | Reference eReviews

There was once a time when music fans had to buy albums because that was the only way they could hear songs that were never played on the radio. Here, Naxos, Alexander Street, and DRAM have a lovely gift for those patrons. And for those who recall marveling at the opportunity to own and play movies at home, Kanopy, Digital Theatre, and Swank share an exciting HD experience. Finally, those who remember the iTunes commercial featuring the song “I Fought the Law,” depicting a group of average people as criminals downloading music, can relax—thanks to these resources, users can legally stream almost anything they want, from wherever they want.

Academic Video Online
Alexander Street Press;
www.alexanderstreet.com/avon

Free trial available

CONTENT Academic Video Online—with its massive library of more than 62,446 titles running nearly 30,000 hours—matches well with the conventional liberal arts curriculum. With particularly deep holdings in the social sciences (25,543 titles), history (18,653), American studies (12,323), music and performing arts (8,637), health sciences (7,215), science and engineering (4,817), literature and language (4,356), diversity (3,955), art and design (2,736), and psychology and counseling (2,332), it easily fits into most institutions’ instructional settings. Also included is material that supports preprofessional programs in architecture, business, education, engineering, nursing, counseling, fashion, sports medicine and exercise science, and criminal justice, making this a complete academic package.

More than 1,500 widely recognized distributors, producers, and filmmakers—such as 60 Minutes/CBS, A&E Networks, PBS, Filmakers Library, Bloomberg, and ­Annenberg Learner—contribute to the content, and the company has forged exclusive partnerships with Insight Media and Microtraining Associates, which produce professional development training films. Additionally, some 17,000 titles from producers such as the BBC and Danish Radio are exclusive to Alexander Street.

The full spectrum of video content types is represented here: documentaries, interviews, performances, news programs and newsreels, field recordings, commercials, demonstrations, and even raw footage. Nearly 3,000 books and other documents also reside within this collection.

Subscribing libraries have an additional benefit, namely that their institutions may upload an unlimited amount of locally produced content, along with any content that’s been licensed from another vendor, and Alexander Street provides this hosting service at no charge. This allows an institution to set permissions, add metadata to make this content accessible via its discovery system, and link content to the catalog.

USABILITY The landing page displays a looped series of featured videos and prominently offers links to short video tutorials on how to create a clip playlist, search, and use the video player. Navigation is found under the label “search all content,” which, when clicked, reveals options to browse various disciplines, titles, publishers, playlists, and clips. A search box and a link to an advanced search mode are included.

Browsing is typically one of the more effective ways to access Alexander Street products, and selecting “diversity” and then “disability studies” under the “disciplines” option yields 250 videos and a healthy selection of filters—content type, speaker/performer, author, etc. Checking “interview” under “content type,” for example, dropped the results list to 36 items.

With more than 60,000 videos in the collection, “browse titles” might seem an inefficient method, but thanks again to an extensive array of filters, it’s an effective way to explore the resource deeply. Users can filter by discipline. Selecting “science & engineering” and then narrowing results further yield a 370-item results list, including the two-part series 13 Factors That Saved Apollo 13 (Espresso TV, 2014). The “see details link” displays bibliographic details (including field of study and content type), a brief description, and options such as cite, email, share, embed/link, and send to mobile (as a text or email, short browser link, or QR code). Keying in the phrase “Apollo 13” reduces the list to nine titles, including Houston, We’ve Got a Problem (NASA, 1972), a compelling documentary about the Apollo 13 rescue. Once a video is rolling, viewers can click the “transcript” tab and follow the dialog or narration. Transcripts are also searchable, allowing viewers to find terms or names within the transcript and to move to that specific spot in the video.

The “advanced search” template is comprised of an multiple query boxes. Indexes include Words Anywhere, Fulltext/Transcripts (all videos are fully transcribed and available as PDFs), Title and Series, and Subject (persons, places, and historical events; for each of these, users can select terms from an authority list). The “discipline” check boxes are provided below, and users may limit by format, language, date, and place.

PRICING The list price for an Academic Video Online subscription is around $40,000, but fees are scaled based on FTE (full-time employee) and type of library, with prices as low as $3,150 for a smaller institution and $1,500 for a K–12 building. Permissions for in-class, on-campus, and remote-access viewing are included in the subscription. Free 30-day trials are available. Contact sales@alexanderstreet.com for pricing specifics.

VERDICT The case for acquiring Academic Video Online is compelling. First, annual costs are predictable. Just as important, the company’s Build-by-Choice approach means that “at the end of each subscription term, your entire subscription cost is automatically applied towards owning perpetual rights to your choice of video titles,” with that year’s usage data informing the selection process. The longer an institution subscribes, the more titles it will own outright.

With such a wealth of material, the bigger an institution and the broader and deeper its academic offerings, the more likely Academic Video Online is to meet its curriculum needs.

Digital Theatre+
Limited

digitaltheatre.com

CONTENT Founded in 2009, Digital Theatre+ (DT+) provides access to more than 700 theater productions and English literature and drama educational resources. The platform also includes nearly 400 classic, contemporary, and international productions, many exclusive to DT+, interviews that examine plot and character analysis, the challenges of staging a play, and the creative, technical side, as well as essays, documentaries, lectures, encyclopedia entries, and study guides on history, context, language analysis, and practical techniques.

DT+ partners with more than 50 leading theater companies, education organizations, and UK arts collectives, such as English Touring Theatre, the British Council, the London Symphony Orchestra, Opera North, Shakespeare Lives, and the Royal Shakespeare Company.

Audio and video productions include classics and contemporary work: As You Like It; A Doll’s House; A Midsummer’s Night Dream; King Lear; Into the Woods; an audio production of David Mamet’s American Buffalo; “manga Shakespeare,” published by SelfMadeHero; Iphigenia in Splott; and All My Sons.

While beautiful live performances are one well-known feature of this database, DT+ also provides a place for extensive practical engagement and an in-depth, behind-the-scenes understanding of the theater world, with educational material mapped to the UK English literature and drama curriculum. For example, the “Plays Through Practice” series provides exercises for developing directing, design, and acting skills.

DT+ is updated monthly with additional productions, interviews, essays, and study guides. New content includes Fyodor Dostoyevski’s Anna Karenina and Anton Chekov’s The Cherry Orchard, productions from Stage Russia, and 15 Masterclasses in the Michael Chekhov Technique from the Michael Chekhov Association. Available soon: William Shakespeare’s Antony and Cleopatra, King John, and King Lear from the Stratford Festival.

A “Creative Learning Panel” of freelance producers, scriptwriters, artistic directors, and teaching faculty weigh in on the company’s content development, reflecting best practices across the performing arts industry. MARC records are available.

USABILITY The opening screen is boldly designed, with 30 of the plays and productions displayed up-front; more appear as users scroll down. A search box at the top of the navigation menu is a constant presence. Above that are links to Plays & Productions, Practice & Practitioners, and Theory & Criticism.

A simple query for “comedy of errors” retrieves 13 matches, all presented clearly in large blocks and identified as documentary, interview, study guide, etc. The Royal Shakespeare Company’s (in collaboration with the theater company Told by an Idiot) documentary on A Comedy of Errors offers a sneak peek into rehearsals and backstage conversations with the director, designer, composer, and actors about their work on the show. The full production, directed by Paul Hunter, captured live at the Clapham Community Project, is also available, along with a specially commissioned study guide. Tabs for acts, key scenes, and key speeches help students easily locate significant pieces. Separate live interviews include On Directing: Paul Hunter, On Music: Ian Johnstone, and On Design: Michael Vale.

Browsing the collection offers a sense of the breadth of content, as do the display and organization of resources. The Plays & Production section features pull-down menu options to filter by performance (theater, opera, dance, etc.), genre, resource (documentary, encyclopedia entry, essay, etc.), and curriculum. Practice & Practitioners includes role (choreographer, composer, etc.) and form of practice (staging, sound, etc.). Under Theory & Criticism, users will find categories such as theme (text & interpretation, race and ethnicity, gender and sexuality, etc.) and movement/style (classical, farce, etc.). Selecting “absurdism” under movement/style yields a number of results, including an interview in which performer George Dillon discusses the physics of playing a beetle.

All videos have a toggle for captions, and users can select the full-screen option. There is no “help” option, but the interface is intuitive, and there is contact information for technical support. Subscribers have 24/7 access on any device.

PRICING For more information on getting started with a Digital Theater+ subscription, contact alice.smith@digitaltheatre.com or call 646-652-0150. Trials are available.

VERDICT DT+ has come a long way. This educational tool gives users front-row access to the best in the business and a true flipped-classroom experience, with offerings that showcase firsthand accounts of technical productions, performance skills, and more. This resource provides exceptional value for supporting theater arts curricula in schools, colleges, and universities.

Kanopy
https://www.kanopystreaming.com/

Free trial available

CONTENT Presenting more than 30,000 feature films (contract periods for distributors vary, thus the availability of titles may change), Kanopy is an on-demand streaming video service for public and academic libraries with “one of the single largest collections of films in the world.” The platform provides almost instant access to documentaries, international films, foreign language, and independent films from leading producers and suppliers, including the Criterion Collection, Frontline, Kino Lorber, and thousands of independent filmmakers.

Classic and newly released titles, such as I Am Not Your Negro, Parting Glances, Grey Gardens, A Hard Day’s Night, Eraserhead, and Jules and Jim, offer a brief sampling of the extensive collection.

Videos listed in the catalog are available for a one- or three-year license per “film product” (which consists of either a full-length film or a series of episodic short films grouped together). Libraries can purchase individual videos or collections or set up a Patron Driven Acquisitions (PDA) profile (for higher education institutions) and cost-per-play for public libraries. Institutions pay an agreed-upon price per title when a purchase is triggered, which occurs after the fourth screening (screening time is defined as more than 30 seconds). The result is unlimited private/public viewing rights for the duration of the terms of the license. A standard one-year license is $150; a three-year license is $350.

A powerful administrator’s dashboard provides real-time statistics and visualizations via tabs. These include a License Management System, MARC Record Tool, Invoice Report, Analytics Dashboard (to view detailed statistics in both excel and graphical format), PDA Dashboard (to monitor the performance of the PDA model and review collections that have been activated), and a User Monitor (to view playlists and clips created by users). Institutions can turn off or suspend their PDA program, ensuring that no user will automatically trigger a purchase and exceed the designated budget. Kanopy will also monitor the PDA budget and provide regular check-ins to keep the account in the black.

Films are compatible for hearing-impaired users (with captions and transcripts).Though currently not optimized for the visually impaired, Kanopy is working on upgrades that will make their films more accessible. The service supports IP-based and EZ Proxy for authentication. It also offers access via user name/password, Shibboleth, WAM, VPN, barcode, etc., and records are discoverable in WorldCat Local, Proquest (Summon), EBSCO (EDS), and ExLibris (Primo).

USABILITY A lively, colorful opening screen features a rolling top banner advertising “­Indie Movies,” “Critically Acclaimed Documentaries,” and more. Search options are available throughout, with keyword querying of titles, descriptions, and transcripts. A “browse subjects” drop-down menu organizes films into 12 broad subject areas including movies, documentaries, the arts, and business. Subcategories allow users to drill down with more specificity to discover, for example, independent cinema, drama, comedy, and war and action.

Films can be viewed directly within the system or embedded via links in a course management system or website. Patrons can watch movies on a range of devices and platforms, such as smartphones, tablets, PCs, and smart TVs, including Roku, iOS, and Android apps. Users can create a profile to save films to My Watchlist, create custom playlists or clips, and track recently viewed films. When opening a shared link via email on an iPhone, users have the option to view directly or download the Kanopy app.

As with other streaming services such as Netflix, Hulu, and Amazon Prime, revolving galleries list numerous groupings. On Kanopy, these include Criterion Collection, Popular Documentaries, Trending Now, and more. Choosing World Cinema, for instance, users scroll by Stalker, The Piano Teacher, The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo, and Ida. Below the video player, all films display descriptive metadata with linked fields for filmmakers, features, languages, and subjects. Selecting the “CC” (closed-captioning) box toggles captions on and off. Below the viewer is a feature that displays recommendations, “people who watched this also watched,” with a right-side panel displaying a list of related videos.

Keyword searching allows users to find a known title, follow specific actors or producers, and gather subject-related content. Different categories are listed depending on the terms searched, including “videos,” “subjects,” “people,” and “companies.” Searching “Ingmar Bergman,” for instance, yields several results, including 15 titles from “The Janis Films of Ingmar Bergman” series. On the left side of the screen, patrons can sort results by “subjects,” “suppliers,” “filmmakers,” “languages,” “captions,” and “year of production.” Viewing was a breeze on all devices tested, with no buffering or pausing.

PRICING Kanopy supports two purchase models. Institutions may acquire a one- or three-year, up-front license to any video advertised. With PDA, libraries can set up a deposit account or receive quarterly billing for licensed films. Kanopy’s public library model is cost-per-play, and most public institutions have a monthly limit on the number of plays per patron. Libraries also have the option to license individual collections. Collection pricing varies based on the number of films in the collection, the profile of the library, and FTE (full-time employment).

VERDICT Kanopy is different from many streaming services, as institutions pay only for what is triggered, an attractive feature for those monitoring usage statistics. The depth and breadth of the selections make this resource extremely valuable, supporting a wide range of curricular programs. The detailed administrative dashboard provides extensive analytics, an important tool for any acquisitions department. Libraries should be aware that outside supplier costs and access restrictions do lead to the removal of titles from the catalog.

Naxos Music Library Jazz
Naxos Digital Services US, Inc.;
https://www.naxosmusiclibrary.com/jazz/contact.asp

Free trial available

CONTENT For the past 30 years, Naxos has distinguished itself as the world’s premiere label for budget classical recordings. Naxos built its reputation not by exploiting the name recognition of a handful of classical music superstars or by issuing new recordings of what critics disparagingly call the “warhorses” of the genre, but by deferring to “local knowledge on the part of representatives of the company in different parts of the world.”

Their flagship product, Naxos Music Library, offers subscribers streaming access to more than 130,000 CD titles, and the company has since branched out with more comprehensive streaming, reference, and media products including Naxos Spoken Word Library, Naxos Music Library World, Naxos Works Database (with information on classical composers and works), Naxos Video Library (featuring documentaries plus performances of classical music, opera, ballet, and concerts), and Naxos Web Radio.

Naxos Music Library Jazz (NMLJ) includes more than 14,000 albums from across the globe and covers all time periods and genres. “Contemporary Jazz,” with nearly 10,000 recordings, makes up the bulk of the collection and provides streaming access to such artists as Rudresh Mahanthappa, Dave Douglass, Cindy Blackman, and Vijay Iyer, along with lesser-known figures. The “jazz” category delivers music from the likes of Louis Armstrong, Billie Holiday, Thelonious Monk, Miles Davis, Frank Sinatra, and Duke Ellington, and recordings that were originally released as multidisc artists retrospectives from labels such as Prestige, Fantasy, and Warner Jazz.

New titles are added on an ongoing basis, and recent releases are incorporated without an extended embargo period. J.D. Allen’s Radio Flyer, on the Savant label, was reviewed recently on National Public Radio, and a quick check revealed that it was already in the collection. Apple Music, however, didn’t yet have the album but offered a much slimmer selection of Allen’s previous releases. Of course, inclusion in NMLJ is label dependent, meaning that jazz lovers won’t have the opportunity to hear recordings from ECM, Blue Note, Impulse!, and Concord, among others.

Usability Listeners may use the “keyword search” box to hunt for specific terms within a label, a track, or an artist or performer’s name. There are also links to labels, artists, composers, genres, playlists, advanced search, and the mobile app. Recent additions to the library are listed, and featured additions are displayed with cover art.

The advanced search allows users to find recordings by catalog number alone or by any combination of several different fields: composer/arranger/lyricist, artists (soloist/conductor), performing group (choir/ensemble/orchestra), instrument, labels, and country. All fields except for catalog number feature a link for browsing and then importing names associated with that field.

Multiple fields may be combined to create a fairly sophisticated search strategy, but NMLJ doesn’t support the use of truncation or Boolean operators within fields.

Selecting a title from the results list brings up the CD cover art and track listing (which can be expanded to display performers and their instruments), a menu of options including play all, clear all, play selections, add to playlist (if the user has logged in), and show static URL. The album information displays the genre and identifies composers and performers. Listeners may also view liner notes if they’re available. Titles may be shared on social media. Registered users may also create playlists for other institutions to view.

In terms of sound quality, subscribers have a standard and a premium option. The NMLJ mobile app is serviceable but limited. Listeners may search, view recordings recently added to the collection, or listen to playlists created at their institutions or by Naxos. There is no browse or spell-check options or search suggestions for an artist or album name.

Pricing Naxos Music Library Jazz is available at $100 per user seat. Institutions may arrange a free trial, and individuals are allowed a free 15-minute preview.

Verdict As with the Naxos classical music product, Naxos Music Library Jazz is an exceptional compilation of quality music performed by worldwide artists who may be less recognizable than some of the U.S. titans in the field (although those big names are represented to a considerable degree). NMLJ alone is not your library’s alternative to a well-rounded jazz CD collection—it’s missing too many labels and classic recordings—but it is still impressive, and there’s virtually a lifetime of listening for those who wish to explore its every recess. The mobile app ensures that the collection is accessible from anywhere subscribers wish to access it.

E-SHORT TAKES

American Archive of Public Broadcasting (AAPB)

Library of Congress and WGBH Media Library & Archives

http://americanarchive.org/

The American Archive of Public Broadcasting (AAPB) is a collaborative digital initiative to preserve and make accessible “the most significant public broadcasting radio and television programming of the past 60 years,” ensuring the management and preservation of and access to a rich source of American political, social, and cultural history. Users can browse the 2.5 million metadata records that document public radio and television resources existing at more than 120 public media stations and archives across the country. Most of these resources have not been digitized. The entire collection is available either within the WGBH Media Library and Archives offices and at the Library of Congress Moving Image and Recorded Sound Research Centers.

The AAPB website provides options for searching and browsing. Approximately ten percent of the digitized collection is freely accessible through the Online Reading Room. Search results list content as “available online” (video and audio that can be viewed or listened to in the Online Reading Room), “all digitized” (video and audio, available either online or on location at WGBH or the Library of Congress), and “all records” (including 2.5 million records, including digitized, on-site-only content, and content that has not been digitized).

Curated online exhibits are organized within 48 topics including agriculture, consumer affairs, LGBTQ, religion, and social issues.

Users can search metadata records for all 40,000 hours of digitized content, including documents available in the Online Reading Room and material available only for viewing and listening on location at WGBH and the Library of Congress.

Digital Campus

Swank Motion Pictures, Inc.

https://www.swank.com/digital-campus/

Swank is the “world’s largest non-theatrical distributor,” providing both public performance licensing rights and licensed movies to colleges and universities.

Digital Campus is a streaming video service created for faculty who wish to supplement curricula with streaming access to course-related films. Suitable for all disciplines, it provides subject content related to languages and literature, music, film studies, visual arts, psychology, the environment, history, science, and more. Libraries or other institutions select media that they wish to license from the catalog by title, director, actor, or genre or by choosing from the full list. “Genre” includes Academy Award winners, blockbusters, and Bollywood, historical, silent, and even zombie flicks.

The license comes with public performance rights, which allow viewing by a single student in a classroom setting or screenings for an entire campus. There is unlimited access to films from on- and off-campus. Options for access are “pay as you go,” “deposit account,” or “the collection package,” such as top titles, film studies, or documentaries.

DRAM: Database of Recorded American Music

Anthology of Recorded Music, Inc.

https://www.dramonline.org/

DRAM: Database of Recorded American Music is a not-for-profit resource providing educational communities with on-demand streaming access to an extensive and growing catalog of CD-quality audio, complete original liner notes, and essays from independent record labels and sound archives

Initially funded by the Mellon and Robert Sterling Clark Foundations, DRAM is designed to facilitate the music research of scholars and students and includes music represented by the New World Records and Composers Recordings, Inc. (CRI) labels, as well as a growing number of recording labels and archives. More than 4,000 albums’ worth of recordings from a distinctive set of 42 independent labels and archives are now available, with new content being continuously added. Users can search for terms within ten fields including album titles, liner notes, and blogs, or they can browse by composers, performers, ensembles, instruments, and record labels.

Films on Demand

Films Media Group; Infobase

fod.infobase.com

Films Media Group, a division of Infobase, offers streaming video subscriptions geared to high schools (Classroom Video), public libraries (Access Video), and academic institutions (Films on Demand), as well as subject-specific collections for specialized departments.

Films on Demand covers a broad range of academic and technical subjects, with programs from more than 800 producers. Production companies include Films for the Humanities and Sciences, ABC News, NBC News, PBS, BBC, National Geographic, History Channel, A&E, Biography Channel, Cambridge Educational, MacNeil/Lehrer Productions, the Open University, Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center, Cambridge Educational, and others.

A sampling of content can be found in the Master Academic Video Collection with nearly 30,000 titles, equaling more than 14,000 hours of programming. Thirty-four individual subject collections include Allied Health, Anthropology, Archival Film & Newsreels, English, Music & Dance, Technical & Trade Education, World Cinema Collection, and more.

Instructors can share playlists and embed segments in course management systems including Sakai, Moodle, Blackboard, and Canvas. Videos can be integrated into web-based catalog systems via free MARC records or searchable through federated discovery systems. The platform includes captioning and searchable interactive transcripts and predefined video clips. Users can also create customized film segments.

Global Jukebox

Association for Cultural Equity

http://www.culturalequity.org/features/globaljukebox/ce_features_globaljukebox.php

The Global Jukebox is a free interactive web portal established by the Association for Cultural Equity (ACE), a nonprofit organization founded by writer and musicologist Alan Lomax “to explore and preserve the world’s expressive traditions with humanistic commitment and scientific engagement.”

The site includes recordings of more than 6,000 folk songs from around the world that Lomax recorded or acquired. Most have never been publicly available. Using a system called cantometrics, devised by Lomax and the ethnomusicologist Victor Grauer, each song has been analyzed according to 41 variables, such as vocal inflection and ensemble size. The recordings are plotted on a world map that makes available all of the data and many of the analyses of the research. Users can sort songs from around the globe and sift for commonalities, finding clues to migration patterns or the ways that societies with similar structures share modes of expression.

ACE is providing access to the streaming media and associated data (“archive materials”) strictly for educational and research purposes. The audio archive material as well as the audio-visual files are provided solely as “streaming” files and are not meant for download, distribution, or reproduction, nor are they licensed from the copyright holders.

McGraw-Hill Medical

McGraw-Hill Global Education Holdings, LLC

https://mhmedical.com/

McGraw-Hill Medical publishes 20-plus collections (including Cardiology, Medicine, Neurology, and ObGyn) that offer subscribers a comprehensive package with reference texts, research material, multimedia, and curricular instruction all on one federated platform.

Updated regularly, the collections cover the entire spectrum of subject matter from the basics to specialty-specific content, optimized for viewing on any device. All are valuable additions for curricular support in a specific-subject area, such as cardiovascular, dermatology, or neurologic. Resources draw on guidance from advisory boards comprised of physician educators. Instructors can easily link out to external resources or upload files to incorporate in their courses. Multimedia content includes videos and streaming lectures organized by category or system: bedside and office-based procedures, gastrointestinal, pharmacology, and more. Among the audio and video titles are Brief Exam for Skeletal Injuries, Cesarean Delivery with Forceps, Examination of the Lymph Nodes, NIH Stroke Scale, and JAMAevidence Audio, a monthly discussion series about core issues in evidence-based medicine by leading practitioners in the field. Individual and institutional annual subscriptions are available as well as pay-per-view 24- or 48-hour access.

Poets on Screen Library

Shakespeare Audio Plays

Poetry Archive Audio via Literature Online (LION)

ProQuest

https://literature.proquest.com

Literature Online (LION) includes three separate streaming collections available via the top navigation menu.

Poets on Screen Library contains nearly 900 video clips of contemporary poets reading their own and other poets’ work. Users can browse by author/reader or by poem title. Many readings are accompanied by introductory passages in which poets discuss the poetry featured. Full text of the poem, links to author pages, and websites where they the compilation can be purchased are often displayed. Where available, users will find a link to Poets on Screen under Related Resources when searching for a specific writer or poem. Highlighted poets include Robert Bly, Margaret Atwood, and Billy Collins.

Shakespeare Audio Plays, the complete Arkangel Shakespeare, includes “fully dramatised unabridged recordings of all of the playwright’s 38 plays.” Listed alphabetically by title, the plays have been recorded by noted Shakespearean actors, many of whom were trained at the Royal Shakespeare Company and include sound effects and music. Users can listen to the audio selections in their entirety or choose individual scenes. A full-cast list and production details are presented.

LION also includes access to the Poetry Archive, an independent organization founded by the former British poet laureate Andrew Motion. With links to 920 recordings, the archive includes brand-new recordings of contemporary poets and preserves historic recordings. Clips are listed alphabetically and by author and will open in a new browser tab or window. Links to Poetry Archive recordings are included on author pages in LION as well as under the video and audio tab in “quick Search” and “texts: all searches.”

Gail Golderman (goldermg@union.edu) is Electronic Resources Librarian, and Bruce Connolly (connollb@union.edu) is Reference & Bibliographic Instruction Librarian, Schaffer Library, Union College, Schenectady, NY

 

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About Bruce Connolly & Gail Golderman

Gail Golderman (goldermg@union.edu) is Electronic Resources Librarian and Bruce Connolly (connollb@union.edu) is Reference & Bibliographic Instruction Librarian, Schaffer Library, Union College, Schenectady, NY

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