Middle Eastern Politics | Reference eReviews

For this latest roundup of ereviews related to politics in the Middle East, several new platforms are explored. We were impressed with the array of titles comprising the BrillOnline Reference Works: Middle East and Islamic Studies collection. Founded in 1683, the Dutch company Brill matches scholarly reference content to elegant interfaces. Oxford Islamic Studies Online, meanwhile, combines reference, scholarship, religious texts, primary sources, graphics, and pedagogical materials into a comprehensive package addressing the research needs of students of global Islamic history and its people, culture, and society. EBSCO’s Arab World Research Source: Al Masdar draws on material from disciplines across the Arab world, while two new products from Readex, via the meticulous translation work of the Joint Publications Research Service and the Foreign Broadcast Information Service, open our eyes to how Middle Eastern editors, journalists, and broadcasters viewed the events around them during the second half of the 20th century.

Arab World Research Source: Al Masdar
EBSCO Publishing

www.ebscohost.com/academic/arab-world-research-source-al-masdar

Free trial available

Content With more than 420 full-text resources, Arab World Research Source: Al Masdar contains material published in and/or about the Arab world. The database addresses major disciplines, such as art, business, economics, education, engineering, health, law, politics, religion, science, sociology, and technology. It contains more than 300 academic journals and 60 full-text country reports. Nearly 160 scholarly full-text titles are available in Arabic, including key publications from prominent universities. Coverage extends from 1972 to the present, and among the indexed sources are conference proceedings, industry reports, newspapers, magazines, trade publications, market research, and financial documents. Abstracts in the database are included in Arabic when available. Titles are also listed in both Arabic and English. A sampling of works includes Annals of Arts & Social Sciences, Arab Journal for Archives, Documentation & Information (AJADI), Arab Journal of Administration, International Arab Journal of Information Technology (IAJIT), DOMES: Digest of Middle East Studies, Journal of Arab & Muslim Media Research, Journal of Sharia & Islamic Studies, Journal of the Social Sciences, Journal of King Abdulaziz University: Marine Sciences, Topics in Middle Eastern & North African Economies: Proceedings of the Middle East Economic Association, and Washington Report on Middle East Affairs.

The Middle Eastern & Central Asian Studies collection, produced by NISC International, permits cross-searching related content throughout the EBSCOhost platform. This section also offers a bibliographic index of research, policy, and scholarly communication on the countries and peoples of the Middle East, Central Asia, and North Africa. Access to the database Index Islamicus (reviewed below), presents an international bibliography of publications of the Islam and the Muslim world from 1906 to the present. Finally, the eBook Arabic Collection delivers more than 4,000 full-text titles organized within 30 categories from Children’s & Young Adult Fiction to Travel.

USABILITY The EBSCOhost platform offers basic and advanced search options, along with standard search modes and limiters. We began with a simple search using the Boolean phrase “Israel and settlements,” retrieving 338 records. Limiting the results to scholarly resources displayed 48 titles, such as the 2016 Jerusalem Quarterly article “The Unmaking of Arab Jerusalem Through Settlement Construction.” Taking a slightly different search approach, we limited by “document type” and then “speech,” accessing three articles from the Washington Report on Middle East affairs. The documents included speeches by Khalil Jahshan, executive director of the National Association of Arab Americans; James Zogby, president of the Arab American Institute, at the Democratic Party platform drafting meeting in June 2016; and Michael Tarazi, member of the Palestinian Authority Negotiations Affairs Department, on the Israel-Palestine conflict at a 2002 San Francisco World Affairs Council meeting.

Curious about the comprehensive nature of the “country report,” we searched “Morocco” and selected “country reports” from “source type.” The first few records revealed the most current document, a 357-page report from Country Watch, Inc.’s Morocco Country Review. Topics included statistical data—political conditions, economic conditions such as gross domestic product and environmental policy. The social overview section offered fascinating data such as reports on the “Status of Women,” along with a “Happy Planet Index,” “Global Gender Gap Index,” and “Life Satisfaction Index.” Additional reports from 2017 include “Morocco Country Monitor,” “Country Fact Sheets: Morocco,” and “Political Risk Yearbook: Morocco Country Report.”

Users can also browse the “subject terms” authority for specific phrases or terms to add to their query, essential at times when searching for Arabic words and correct or variant spelling. The interface’s many features and functionality will be familiar to most users, such as search history, search alerts, index searching, an image quick-view collection, integrated search options, persistent links, sharing capability through a variety of social media tools, seamless citation and export tools, and more.

PRICING For individual institutions, cost ranges from $2,500–$5,500.

VERDICT Arab World Research Source: Al Masdar provides users of all levels—from the first-year undergraduate to the serious researcher—with a comprehensive view of the material. The rich and varied content and ease of the EBSCOhost interface, coupled with the option to add and cross-search Arabic ebook content and/or other relevant products, make this an appealing prospect for institutional support of Arabic studies programs.

BrillOnline Reference Works: Middle East and Islamic Studies
Brillbrill.com

Content With substantial collections of ebooks, reference works, and primary source materials, Brill is a powerhouse when it comes to Middle East and Islamic studies publishing. Here, we focus on the ­BrillOnline Reference Works, which include the following collections: Arabic Literature of Africa; Brockelmann in English: The History of the Arabic Written Tradition; Brockelmann Online (in German); a two- part series of Christian-Muslim Relations (together spanning the years 600–1900); four titles that make up Classic Arabic Texts Online; Encyclopaedia Islamica; multiple components of the Encyclopaedia of Islam; Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures; Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf; Oman and Central Arabia; the History of Afghanistan; and a Qur’anic Studies package with its early Western Korans, encyclopedia, dictionary, and concordance. Brill also offers Index Islamicus Online, which we examine in full in its EBSCOhost incarnation on p. 108.

USABILITY Each resource in the BrillOnline collection of Middle Eastern and Islamic Studies has its own workmanlike but attractive starting page with a description of the resource, a single search box, link to “advanced search” mode, and access to search history. There is also a pull-down menu that allows for cross-searching and navigating other Brill titles, whether or not the institution has online access to those works. (This raises an interesting possibility for librarians to put this feature to work as an electronic index of Brill print reference titles in the collection.)

Registered users may also sign in to access the Brill tool set, which includes the ability to label or “star” search results and found articles, create alerts, and save search results. The simplicity of BrillOnline’s interface and ease of access is fitting and effective.

Navigating the Encyclopedia of Islam, Three, the most current edition, we found that while some of the resources in the collection are static, recent scholarship and new material are added five times a year. The latest update includes more than 50 new and intriguing articles on subjects such as Usama Bin Laden, Chinggis (Genghis) Khan, fatwa (and the role of the modern media in issuing them), gnosticism, and immolation. Word counts in this small sample ran from about 1,100 to nearly 2,300, with each signed article including a bibliography of sources and studies. Helpful citation instructions are also available.

Having recently encountered Bruce S. Feiler’s book Abraham: A Journey to the Heart of Three Faiths, we keyed “Abraham” into the Encyclopedia of Islam, Three, search box. This produced 82 items, with the intended subject—represented by an article by scholar Heribert Busse—appearing first on the list.

The results page also indicated that the search term appeared in 1,886 bibliographies, 1,584 books and journal articles, and 15,466 primary sources. Results may be sorted by relevance, date, and full-text access.

Clicking the “modify” search option takes users to Brill’s advanced search mode, where we attempted to research “Islam in America.” Using the pull-down menu option, we queried names such as “Muhammad Ali” and “Malcolm X” as exact phrases, cities where significant concentrations of Muslims reside (such as Dearborn, MI, and Paterson, NJ), and even the “United States” within an article title or heading, but these searches produced zero results. (However, searching for “United States” within an article title in the Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures produced 41 hits, including articles such as “Representations of Sexualities: United States,” “Identity Politics: United States,” and “Domestic Violence: Muslim Communities: United States of America.”)

The contents of the Encyclopedia of Islam, Three, may also be accessed via the A-Z resources list on the main page. Other BrillOnline titles such as Brockelmann or History of Afghanistan may be searched or simply navigated section by section or chapter by chapter, and most of these resources—Dictionary of Qur’anic Usage, which for example, is searchable in Arabic and English—offer specific capabilities matched to the content they include.

BrillOnline contents may be printed, emailed, and posted to social media platforms such as ResearchGate.com

PRICING Annual subscription prices start well under $1,000 and run to $3,800 for the Encyclopedia of Islam package. Purchase fees may begin in the neighborhood of $1,000 and increase into the $20K and $30K range. See the online resource price list 2017 for complete details.

Short-term access to all of BrillOnline Reference Works may be purchased for one day ($13.95), seven days ($24.95), or 30 days ($69.95) via PayPal.

VERDICT Brill has been publishing scholarly works for more than three centuries, and with substantive titles representing the history and culture of the Middle East, this valuable resource supplies the foundation for coursework and scholarship across a range of disciplines.

Middle East and North Africa: Global Perspectives, 1958–1994

FBIS Daily Reports, 1974–1996, Part 1: Middle East, Africa, Near East and South Asia Readex
readex.com

Free trial available

Content Students of Middle East and North Africa history, politics, economics, and culture get an unfiltered view of the events of this intensely active region during the second half of the 20th century thanks to Middle East and North Africa: Global Perspectives, 1958–1994, and the companion product Part 1: Middle East, Africa, Near East and South Asia—one of eight distinct area subsets of the complete collection of Foreign Broadcast Information Service (FBIS) Daily Reports, 1974–1996.

The Middle East and North Africa database is comprised of translations of scientific and technical reports, international journals, newspaper articles, and transcriptions of radio and television broadcasts originating in the 19 countries of that area. The primary source content is complemented by analysis and commentary from U.S. government sources. Searching a U.S. Joint Publications Research Service (JPRS) report number retrieved nearly 95,000 items.

Originally, these reports were carried out by JPRS on behalf of American government officials and agencies under the auspices of the CIA. In 1979, these responsibilities were transferred to the FBIS. A search by FBIS ID in the Daily Reports database produced well over 700,000 hits overall, including more than 400,000 results when the search was limited to Countries and Political Entitles in the Middle East.

JPRS and FBIS translations are regarded as accurate and scrupulously unbiased.

USABILITY The recently updated Readex interface is considerably cleaner and much less daunting than its predecessor. The single search box in Middle East and North Africa invites users to “enter a word or a term,” while a pull-down menu of “suggested searches” allows researchers to select a region (Middle East or North Africa), which displays a list of countries or one of nine broad topics (Arms Race, Events, Human and Civil Rights, International Relations, International Terrorism, Israeli-Arab Conflict, Minority Groups, Personal Names, or Society). Clicking on Events, for example, displays a subset of key historical events, mostly wars, while selecting Society displays topics such as arts, crime, environmental issues, poverty, and religion.

Selecting the subtopic “political prisoners” of “human and civil rights” produced 450 items—plus snippets of the documents themselves—with an explanatory note reading, “in ‘Alltext’ for term(s) ‘political prisoners’ or ‘political prisoner’ or ‘political detainee.’ ” (In other words, the search was sophisticated enough to incorporate the alternative search term detainee and add an “OR” search that included political prisoners.) Filters along the left side of the screen provide the option to narrow results by decade or year. In an attempt to focus on political prisoners of the shah of Iran, we clicked Edit Search and were bounced back to the quick search box on the main page. Unfortunately, only experienced searchers will know to wrap parentheses around the (“OR”) terms for “political prisoner” and add an “AND” search field for “Shah of Iran” to create a viable search strategy. (Incidentally, we tried the truncated term political prisoner* and received zero results. Although the system offered several suggestions for improving the search, there is no help option.)

Switching to Advanced Search, we queried “Iran revolutionary guards,” resulting in 470 hits, many of them—as the source field indicated—published in Tehran. Wishing to investigate this perspective further, we revised the original search to “Tehran” in the second search box, selecting the Source Title index from the pull-down menu options, which produced zero items. We tried the Report Title option with the same results and discovered mixed, skimpy results searching “Tehran” in Citation Text. (Specifically, “Tehran” was highlighted in the article title 18 times, but place of publication included “Tehran,” “London,” “Paris,” “Zurich,” and “Rotterdam.”)

Options to print, email, and download (as PDF) articles are available. However, clicking “citation” doesn’t display the citation for the item but instead lists examples of bibliographic citations from other Readex databases, formatted in MLA and APA style.

The FBIS Daily Reports home page features a single search box along with three limiting options: Countries and Political Entities, Article Type (texts, excerpts, summary, highlights/reviews, speeches, and interviews), and Publication and Series Title (which in this case includes three sets of the Daily Report for the Middle East & Africa, Middle East & North Africa, and Near East & South Asia, covering the period 1970–96).

FBIS users are also invited to Explore: Events, which include more than 80 defining moments in history, such as the 1973 OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) oil embargo; the 1976 Israeli raid on the Entebbe Airport in Uganda; the signing of the Camp David Accords in the 1970s; drought in the African region of Sahel; the First Palestinian Intifada; the downing of Pan Am Flight 103 by Libya in 1988; the 1990s Persian Gulf War; Osama Bin Laden; and the Iraq Oil for Food program in the 1990s. Events in South Asia are included as well.

The FBIS advanced search mode is fairly lean, including a search box for “all text,” “title,” “source,” “language,” and “FBID ID”; another for date; and a sort option, along with the limiters noted above. A search for “Nobel Peace Prize” in the first box with an added second row for “Camp David” resulted in 43 items, including a report on the congratulatory phone call between Egyptian president Anwar El Sadat and Israeli prime minister Menachem Begin. Limiting by “interview” dropped the results list to nine.

FBIS users have more postsearch options, including “export to a citation manager” and “add to my collection.” There is also a detailed help page.

PRICING Both databases are available via a range of purchase models, with pricing based on multiple factors. Please contact sales@readex.com for fees for your institution.

VERDICT While the FBIS Daily Reports has an attractive new interface and performed flawlessly, Middle East and North Africa: Global Perspectives, 1958–1994, was much less refined and, in regards to various index searches, somewhat unpredictable.

Still, both products stand apart from similar offerings, approaching unique and fascinating content on issues and events in the Middle East with perspectives that are not represented in other databases.

Oxford Islamic Studies Online (OISO)
Oxford Publishing
oxfordislamicstudies.com

Free trial available

CONTENT Incorporating nearly 6,000 A–Z reference entries, chapters from scholarly and introductory works, Qur’anic materials, primary source documents, biographical material, images, maps, interviews, essays, lesson plans, time lines, and more, Oxford Islamic Studies Online (OISO) integrates the work of leading scholars worldwide to provide users with a comprehensive, up-to-date, and authoritative suite of online resources in areas such as global Islamic history, concepts, people, practices, politics, and culture. OISO is regularly updated as new content is commissioned and approved under the guidance of editor in chief John L. Esposito.

Current core reference content titles include The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World (OEIW), a six-volume work covering the full geographical and historical extent of Islam. New revisions expand The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern Islamic World, allowing users to access updated archived articles.

The OEIW now encompasses spin-off editions, including The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Women, The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Politics, and The Oxford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Science, and Technology in Islam. Further featured resources include The Oxford Handbook of Islam and Politics, a complete analysis of the study of political Islam; The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art & Architecture, a three-volume reference work of Islamic art throughout the world, from the inception of Islam to today; The Islamic World: Past and Present, an A–Z reference covering key people, events, and concepts in Islamic history; The Oxford Dictionary of Islam, with 2,500 freely accessible entries; The Oxford History of Islam, containing authoritative essays by leading Muslim and non-Muslim scholars on the origins of Islam and its present-day status; and The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Law, an ongoing project designed to provide information on major topics of scholarly interest.

Other content includes Esposito’s What Everyone Needs To Know About Islam, a Q&A guide; Teaching Islam, edited by Brannon M. Wheeler for the American Academy of Religion’s “Teaching Religious Studies” series; Makers of Contemporary Islam, a work by Esposito and senior editor John O. Voll that explores contemporary Islam’s most important thinkers; more than 1,000 biographies; and more than 150 primary source documents, selected and translated by scholars and prefaced by commentary. The database’s content comes from a variety of sources. There are three Oxford primary source collections: Islam in Transition, Modern Islam, and Liberal Islam. The Qur’anic Studies Resources contain references to Qur’anic chapters and verses linked to the Qur’an. There is a verse look-up tool, and, for in-depth study, two interpretations: The Qur’an, a modern prose version from M.A.S. Abdel Haleem, and a classic verse edition from A.J. Arberry, The Koran Interpreted. Either text can be studied alone, viewed side by side, or in combination with the e-version of Hanna Kassis’s A Concordance of the Qur’an, a reference title that links English words and their corresponding transliterated Arabic terms to passages, chapters, and verses.

Six hundred images and maps offer visual, historical, and geopolitical perspectives on global Islam. Geographic resources include more than 40 full-color maps and 20 articles from the latest edition of the Atlas of the World’s Religions.

A time line documents more than 1,000 moments in Islamic history from 542 CE to the present and is linked to related content within. A time line of world events lists corresponding time periods. A growing collection of “learning resources” is available, with thematic guides, lesson plans, a series of “regional spotlights” to supplement reference material and more.

Recent updates include new subject entries, biographies of figures from Algeria and France, fresh material within the time line on current events in the Middle East, and a new “focus on” essay by Amikam Nachmani from Israel’s Bar Ilan University: “A Strained Triangle: Europeans, Muslim Migrants, and Jews.” All “focus on” essays are available via open access, with “related reading” links for the current feature also freely available. Subscribers have permanent access to all current and previous features and links. Users can sign up to receive information about site updates automatically.

USABILITY The opening screen of OISO offers a visually appealing and well-thought-out design. Users can browse by era, broad topic, and region. Contents are divided into several categories: “subject entries,” “biographies,” “chaptered works,” “primary sources,” and “images & maps.” This efficient organization permits finding information easily, as well as the ability to drill down the specificity if desired.

In addition to the standard quick search box that remains in the site navigation header throughout—along with Qur’an Verse Lookup, Date Converter, and all search and browse options—Advanced Search provides seven distinct ways to search information based on specific criteria within various categories (“main,” “biography,” “image & map,” “primary source,” “bibliography,” “Qur’an,” and “concordance.”

Within “browse,” users can glance through all the topics or filter by content type (“biographies,” “chaptered works”). They can further limit the material by era, topic, or region. Archived articles are always included in “browse” lists, and there is a check-box option to “include archived entries from The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern Islamic World” in “main,” “biography,” and “bibliography” searches.

Also on the home page are What’s New and a Features listing. A valuable set of tools lets viewers explore. Viewers can browse the Qar’an, compare and contrast different translations of the holy text, and via “concordance” discover the context for terms in the Qur’an.

We did a basic search for “women Islam”—the system assumes an implicit “AND”—retrieving 1,658 records. The default listing is by relevance, allowing users to browse the listing or filter by content type (“subject entries,” “biographies,” etc.). We selected the first record, a subject entry, entitled “Women and Islam,” from The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World. This article included three subentries—“Role and Status of Women,” “Women’s Religious Observances,” and “Women Living Under Muslim Laws.” Articles included extensive bibliographies, “related content,” and “read more about” suggestions. Refining the “women Islam” query by selecting “Era: 1980s–2000s: Globalization and Islamic Resurgence” limited the results to 336 records, with relevant titles such as a chaptered work—“What Kinds of Roles Did Women Play in Early Islam?”—and a primary source document by former prime minister of Pakistan Benazir Bhutto, “Politics and the Muslim Woman,” with links to specific passages in the translated version of the Qur’an. Within the text of either version of the Qur’an is a tool bar providing users options for text selection, navigation, and display. As mentioned previously, users can select the “side-by-side” option to view corresponding passages from both versions.

Content within the “learning resources” section includes “thematic guides,” which are “designed to provide a general introduction on popular topics in Islamic studies.” Selecting “Iranian Revolution: Causes and Effects” yields an essay that offers background information, a look at Iran’s postrevolution legacy, related linked content within the site, and an extensive list of further reading.

Citation formatting options for articles include MLA and Chicago Manual of Style. Articles can further be downloaded to several citation management software systems.

PRICING Fees vary depending on FTE (full-time employees). Please contact your Oxford representative for more information. Subscriptions are available to institutions as well as individuals and include 30-day trials.

VERDICT This noteworthy resource offers a multilayered reference experience and is designed to be a first-stop (or a one-stop) tool for researchers seeking information and context on Islam. Authoritative in scope, the material is accessible to users at all levels. Seamless navigation to vital content throughout, along with the powerful Qur’an suite of tools, placed this in the “must-have” category for programs of Islamic studies, Islamic philosophy, Islamic law and theology, and Qur’anic studies.

E-Short Takes

Archives Unbound Series: Middle East Studies Collection
Gale Cengage Learning

gale.cengage.co.uk/subject-categories/history/archives-unbound/archives-unbound-middle-east.aspx

Free trial available

The Archives Unbound series presents topically focused primary source collections of historical documents. The Middle East Studies Collection offers country-specific access to 26 individual collections and more than one million pages of rare primary source documents related to Middle East history, politics, and society throughout the 19th and 20th centuries. Documents from the U.S. National Archives, UK National Archives, British Library, George H.W. Bush Presidential Library, and the Presbyterian Historical Society provide perspectives from both sides of the ocean, with content including special reports on political and military affairs, studies and statistics on socioeconomic matters, interviews and minutes of meetings with government officials, and more. Also included are conference and case study reports, ministerial memos, diplomatic dispatches, as well as official letters of correspondence from regional leaders, newspaper articles, memoranda, cover sheets, notes, distribution lists, informational papers, published articles, documents from private individuals and organizations, press releases, and arms deal reports. Titles are available as separate purchases and searchable across other Archives Unbound collections.

A selected list of works from the database’s 26 collections includes: Aden: Records of the U.S. Department of State, 1880–1906; Afghanistan and the U.S., 1945–1963: Records of the U.S. State Department Classified Files; British Mandate in Palestine, Arab-Jewish Relations, and the U.S. Consulate at Jerusalem, 1925–1941; The Cyprus Crisis in 1967; Egypt: Records of the U.S. Department of State, 1853–1962; Iraq 1914–1974: The Middle East Online, Series 2, first edition; Iran (Persia): Records of the U.S. Department of State, 1853–1959; Palestine and Israel: Records of the U.S. Department of State, 1945–1959; Records of the Persian Gulf War; Saudi Arabia: Records of the U.S. Department of State, 1930–1959; U.S. and Iraqi Relations: U.S. Technical Aid, 1950–1958; and U.S. Middle East Peace Policy and America’s Role in the Middle East Peace Process, 1989–1993.

Purchased titles are also available within the Gale Primary Sources single cross-search interface.

Confidential Print: Middle East, 1839–1969 Foreign Office Files for the Middle East, 1971–1981
Adam Matthew Digital

www.amdigital.co.uk/m-products/product/confidential-print-middle-east-1839-1969/
Free trial available

The Confidential Print series, issued by the British government, covers more than 100 years of political, social, and economic history pertaining to countries of the Arabian Peninsula, Turkey, Iran, Afghanistan, Egypt, and Sudan. All items marked “Confidential Print” were printed and circulated immediately to leading officials in the Foreign Office, to the Cabinet, and to heads of British missions abroad.

With full-text search and top-level metadata, this collection includes complete volumes of all the Foreign and Colonial Offices publications, with content such as diplomatic correspondence, letters, reports, surveys, material from newspapers, statistical analyses, published pamphlets, ephemera, military papers, profiles of prominent individuals, maps, and texts of treaties. Subject coverage extends to 19th-century Egyptian reforms of Muhammad Ali Pasha, the Suez Crisis of 1956, the Partition of Palestine, and the Arab-Israeli Conflict.

Foreign Office Files for the Middle East, 1971–1981 addresses major events that occurred in the region, including policy decisions, economies, and political relationships. Conflicts, military interventions, and peace negotiations carried out by regional and foreign governments are examined in detail.

Among the content are diplomatic correspondence, minutes, annual reports, political summaries, dispatches, maps, newspaper cuttings, minutes, printed leaflets, extracts from books, and personality summaries. The full collection contains complete runs of Foreign and Commonwealth Office files organized into three modules: Middle East, 1971–1974: The 1973 Arab-Israeli War and the Oil Crisis; Middle East, 1975–1978: The Lebanese Civil War and the Camp David Accords; and Middle East, 1979–1981: The Iranian Revolution and the Iran-Iraq War. Topics address activities of the Palestinian Liberation Organization and Yasser Arafat, UN involvement in discussing the state of Palestine, the 1973 Arab-Israel War, the Arab boycott of Israel, the 1973 oil embargo, the 1979 Iranian Revolution and hostage crisis at the U.S. embassy, and the Iran-Iraq War.

Both products are on the Archives Direct platform and are cross-searchable with other collections within the portal, affording smooth browsing across all collections purchased by an institution.

Index Islamicus

ProQuest (Brill Academic Publishers, EBSCO Publishing)

www.ebscohost.com/academic/index-islamicus1

Free trial available

Index Islamicus organizes literature in several languages on all aspects of Islam, the Middle East, and the Muslim world. Produced by Brill Academic Publishers and considered to be the ultimate international classified bibliography of publications in European languages, records cover publications on the world of Islam from 1906 to the present. Material cited includes work about the Middle East but also about other main Muslim areas of Asia and Africa, plus Muslim minorities worldwide. Documents from more than 3,500 journals, conference proceedings, monographs, papers found in multiauthored works, essays, and book reviews are featured. Journals and books are indexed by author, article, and chapter level, and offer extensive indexes of names and subjects. Titles include Arab Historical Review for Ottoman Studies, Arab Studies Quarterly, Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East, Islamic Quarterly: A Review of Islamic Culture, Jerusalem Quarterly (Institute of Palestine Studies), Journal of Conflict Studies, Middle East Policy, and Review of Middle East Studies.

Updated monthly. Also available on Brill Academic and EBSCOhost Research Databases platforms.

Gail Golderman (goldermg@union.edu) is Electronic Resources Librarian, and Bruce Connolly (connollb@union.edu) is Reference & Bibliographic Instruction Librarian, Schaffer Library, Union College, Schenectady, NY

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