THESE VARIED resources provide access to military, defense, and intelligence-related publications and peer-reviewed scholarship. Here, we look at ProQuest’s Military Collection, Military & Government Collection from EBSCOHost, and Military & Intelligence Database Collection from Gale Cengage Learning. There’s also World at War: Understanding Conflict and Society from ABC-CLIO, which dedicates itself to teaching young scholars how to research and debate complex historical questions; and the Armed Conflict Database from the International Institute for Strategic Studies, presenting a unique view of interstate and intrastate conflict in the interests of maintaining international peace and security.
With the upcoming centennial of America’s entry into World War I (April 6, 1917), we also highlight databases dedicated to the people and places of the conflict. Spanning 1914–18, the Great War continues to intrigue students and scholars. We hope these resources will prove to be a launching point for further study, either filling in gaps in your collections or complementing already existing offerings.
Armed Conflict Database
International Institute for Strategic Studies
Taylor & Francis; acd.iiss.org
Free trial available
CONTENT The nonpartisan International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS) was founded in 1958 with a focus on nuclear deterrence and arms control. Based in the UK, IISS aims to “promote the adoption of sound policies to further global peace and security and maintain ‘civilised’ international relations.” In practice, this means sharing objective information on military and political developments and the consequences of conflicts that have the potential for military involvement. It also means conducting policy analyses in the interests of maintaining international peace and security.
The organization publishes The Military Balance, which covers armed forces around the globe; the journal Survival: Global Politics and Strategy; Strategic Survey, which provides an annual review of world affairs, as well as dossiers on nuclear programs and briefings on emerging political and strategic issues. Additionally, IISS organizes security summits attended by officials from governments, NGOs (nongovernmental organizations), and the media to investigate trends that could potentially impact military conflicts.
IISS’s Armed Conflict Database (ACD) monitors international conflicts, from interstate warfare and civil wars to local rebellions and insurgencies. The database reviews the activities of ISIS (Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant), al-Qaeda, and Hezbollah, along with lower-profile groups such as the Janjaweed in Sudan and New People’s Army in the Philippines. Using a world map divided into six regions as the entry point, ACD compiles and publishes data on active conflicts, transnational conflicts, fatalities, internally displaced persons (IDPs), refugees and returnees, and peacekeeping operations—summarized in the ACD index. The Data Tool area of the resource allows for the creation of customized charts and tables to illustrate trends in conflict-related figures over a user-specified range of years.
Also included is a time line for viewing conflicts by status (high, medium, or low intensity, as well as archived wars), regions, or alphabetically. Coverage of potential conflicts, along with detailed assessments, are collected under the Insights tab. Published once or twice a month, these are quite substantial analyses—the essay on the peace process in the Niger Delta runs over 1750 words, for example. Statistics and reports in ACD date from 1997, with some data sets including figures through 2015. Researchers may access material on both current and archived events.
USABILITY Landing on the ACD homepage, users are drawn to a set of chilling statistics—“167,000 Fatalities Worldwide,” “40 Active Conflicts,” and “12,100,000 Refugees.” Above these figures are tabs leading to Data Tool, Timelines, Insights, and Non-State Armed Groups. Below these options is a world map providing the easiest access to the content assembled here. Recent Timelines Conflicts appear on the right side of the page while the Latest ACD Insights are available toward the bottom.
Selecting the Russia & Eurasia label of the world map displays three Current Conflicts in that region—in Armenia-Azerbaijan, Russia (North Caucasus), and Ukraine—and six Archived Conflicts, where, for various reasons, open hostilities have ceased. By choosing Ukraine, we were led to the Conflict page which features a Google Map of the region and a brief summary of the upheaval and its key events. Ukraine is rated as a medium-intensity conflict, experiencing 13,517 fatalities since 2013 and producing nearly a half million refugees as of 2014 with another 1.6 million IDPs. Also included is a list of combatants, both Non-State Parties and State Parties.
Events characterized as armed clashes, violent incidents, human security, and military developments are outlined in the Latest Timelines, and from there, users may examine Political Trends (which reviews the diplomatic activity associated with the conflict, year by year); Military & Security (casualties, operations, weaponry); Human Security (human rights violations) and Background (which, in the case of Ukraine, ran about 1,200 words). The final option is IISS Related Content, linking to outside content to read (or in some instances, purchase), consisting of authoritative documents characterized under such headings as Expert Commentary, Strategic Comments, Armed Conflict Survey, The Military Balance, Politics and Strategy, and Survival.
Most casual researchers will likely browse the file’s contents, although there is a simple search box that is accessible from any point in the database. We searched “Turkey coup” and received 97 results, most predating the July 2016 attempt. Filters on the right side of the results list allow for easily accessing relevant material on other countries and groups, limiting results to a specific year and month, or connecting to another topic such as Insurgency or Kurdish Democratic Party (KDP).
There is also the option to generate reports using the Data Tool feature. The first step is to Select Report Type, where variables such as Fatalities, Internally Displaced Persons, New Refugees Returnees, and Total Refugees may be presented in table format or as a bar, line, or pie chart. We selected a New Refugees Bar Chart with the option for Pick Conflicts. On the Select Conflicts page, we chose Colombia, which generated a chart of conflicts between 2011 and 2014. In addition to the bar chart, this exercise produced a table with year-by-year results and overall totals of Colombian refugees throughout the world.
PRICING Annual subscription rates start at $1,147 ($976 for IISS members) for one license, increase to $1,477 ($1,255 for members) for two to four licenses, and then to $2,167 ($1,838 for members) for five to nine licenses. Institutions looking to make ACD available to more than ten simultaneous users should contact the ACD Team.
VERDICT ACD contains more easy-to-access material relating to international, internal, and terrorist conflicts than most peer-reviewed articles or defense industry trade journals. The goal of maintaining international peace and security means that there is a fundamental decency at the core of IISS’s work—a notion that isn’t usually part of the discussion when assessing an electronic resource, but one that seems appropriate here.
Free trial available
CONTENT Military Collection covers topics across all government and military branches—a broad sweeping category—with subjects including armed forces, military and defense, international relations, foreign policy, homeland security and terrorism, national security, political science, criminology, aeronautics and space flight, and war. Among the myriad sources are scholarly journals, trade and industry journals, magazines, newspapers, technical reports, conference papers and proceedings, government publications, and wire feeds.
With more than 700 publications, and more than 500 available in full text, titles include CQ Weekly, Diplomatic History, Georgetown Journal of International Affairs, Harvard International Review, Human Rights Quarterly, International Journal of Cyberwarfare and Terrorism, and Military Intelligence Professional Bulletin. A backfile is available for a few select titles, such as issues of Foreign Affairs dating back to 1923.
The resource provides specialized, editorial-controlled abstracting and indexing resources allowing the discovery of relevant scholarly research and technical literature.
USABILITY ProQuest has done an excellent job of producing a straightforward and clean search interface. As with other resources on the ProQuest platform, users can search across all subscribed databases, or limit to the individual resource. Military Collection can be searched as one of nearly 40 subcomponent collections of ProQuest Central, if subscribed.
A basic search is front and center. As librarians, we stress the importance of discovering quality resources with our students, rather than limiting the search to full text from the beginning. Here, we began with a simple search for “military coups” and retrieved more than 6,000 scholarly results. Limiting helps at this point; either by date range, source, document type, document feature, or location.
Selecting “Russia” within “location” led to 186 records, with articles from 1993 outlining “the Great October Socialist Revolution” (Bolshevik coup of 1917) and a 2016 article from Parameters, a journal published by the U.S. Army War College, discussing the revival of Russian military power. Other methods for specificity included using one of the suggested related searches displayed at the top of the results list to employ a more focused approach to subject queries. Users can also search within results; by adding “Turkey,” we retrieved three scholarly articles.
Military Collection provides access to ProQuest Thesaurus for assistance with desired search terminology. After choosing the term missile, several subject terms became available, such as missile defense. From here, there was the option to either “add to search” or explore related terms: military weapons, missiles, space weapons, etc.
Adding the term to the search led to more than 14,000 records. By limiting to China, the results list consisted of 131 scholarly articles. Once a record is selected, users can open the citation or abstract to view indexing information such as subject, location, classification, permanent document URL, etc. A side box displays options for “Related items,” and “Search with indexing terms.”
Other options include an advanced and command line search. Additional features available on the ProQuest platform include creating a My Research account to save and organize research and supporting material, selecting from 25 citation styles for a bibliography and seamless export to an array of citation managers, including RefWorks and EasyBib. My Research can include documents, searches, search alerts, and RSS feeds. Content can be translated from English to 13 languages, including Arabic, Japanese, Polish, and Turkish.
PRICING This resource is only available via subscription; currently, perpetual purchases are unavailable. A sample list price for a U.S.–based college or university that is not a member of ARL (Association of Research Libraries) and has a full-time equivalent (FTE) of 15,000 would be $6,414. Contact a ProQuest representative for specific pricing based on your institution’s FTE.
VERDICT Ease of navigation, a clean interface, and a core collection of authoritative sources (of the 700-plus titles included in Military Collection, more than half are scholarly content), helps this ProQuest Central subcollection stand alone as a respectable addition for supporting course studies in military science, history, current affairs, international relations, warfare, terrorism, and more.
Military & Government Collection
Free trial available
CONTENT The current title list for Military & Government Collection (MGC) contains 429 total journals indexed and abstracted, with 266 of them available in full text; 334 are peer reviewed. Magazines range from popular titles such as Scientific American and Time to military specific: American Legion, Arms Control Today, NATO Review, Navy Times, and UN Chronicle. The roster of scholarly sources includes Armed Forces & Society, Global Governance, Government Information Quarterly, Journal of Slavic Military Studies, Military Medicine, and Naval War College Review.
As this list implies, the aim of the collection is to deliver contemporary information and analysis on military and government matters and provide a solid foundation of scholarly research on the problems and issues facing those involved in military and government service.
USABILITY Many information professionals are familiar with EBSCO’s interface, which offers search options that range from simple to sophisticated. EBSCO’s advanced search features an expansive array of search modes, expanders, and multiple limiters: full-text, scholarly (peer-reviewed) journals, publication date and type, and more.
Browsing for subjects containing the term missile led to a list of 131 subjects and cross-references. Selecting “SCUD Missile” from the list, we were able to add it to the search strategy and retrieve 14 items from sources such as Aviation Week & Space Technology. Most articles were available in full text.
A search for “Small Arms and Light Weapons” OR “sawl,” produced 119 results. By limiting to scholarly (peer-reviewed) journals, 20 results were returned, including “A Banner Year for Conventional Arms Control? The Arms Trade Treaty and the Small Arms Challenge.”
This resource can be cross-searched with other EBSCO products. We used the Choose Databases capability to expand our search (“Small Arms and Light Weapons”) to EBSCO’s Political Science Complete. Now, the list increased to 99 articles from scholarly journals, but there was no overlap of titles, at least in this instance, which gives some sense of how MGC differentiates itself.
EBSCO products offer a full range of options for managing search results. References may be marked and organized into folders, printed using a variety of citation styles, emailed, and exported to three bibliographic software management packages, and in three different formats (XML, BibTex, and MARC21). Additionally, registered users may save and retrieve search histories and create email alerts and/or RSS feeds.
PRICING Annual pricing ranges from $1,500 to $3,250 for a mid-size public library. Fees are based on a number of factors including but not limited to FTE (full-time enrollment), existing EBSCO databases, consortium agreements and/or buying groups. Pricing applies to a single institution, and ranges for consortia and online institutions may vary. Contact EBSCO for a customized quotation for your specific library. Cost is subject to change based on royalty requirements, etc.
VERDICT There are a lot of settings, beyond government agencies and national security think tanks, where the sharply focused content of MGC has the potential to play an important role in the organization and analysis of information. There are also settings in which its role would be supplemental to already existing collections. The database’s focus, and that it mines a rich and distinctive vein of topical and scholarly content, means that it creates new ways to appreciate and address the complex issues its users are investigating.
Military & Intelligence Database Collection
Gale Cengage Learning; galetrials.com
Free trial available
CONTENT Military and Intelligence Database Collection (MIDC), with more than 17.5 million articles, provides access to 857 titles in the form of scholarly journals, magazines, videos, newswires, newspapers, newsletters, and reports. Content covers all aspects of the past and current state of military affairs in key areas such as governmental policies, national security and defense systems, the socioeconomic effects of war, the structure of the armed forces, international relations, legislation, and more.
Updated daily, material is sourced from publications including Armed Forces & Society, Bioterrorism Week, International Journal on World Peace, Journal of International Affairs, Public Opinion Quarterly, U.S. Army Medical Department Journal, and Stars and Stripes. Platform features (a topic finder, related resources, and a mobile-optimized interface) support and enhance the search experience for all levels of users as does the collaboration with Google Drive.
There are also reports such as The U.S. Army War College Guide to National Security Issues and Dissent and Strategic Leadership of the Military Professions as well as video content from Public Broadcasting Service, the Associated Press, and more.
USABILITY Users have the option to sign into their Google or Microsoft accounts for easy saving and sharing to cloud storage. Basic search is clearly prominent for simple keyword queries, offering a pull-down menu to search by subject, publication, or the entire document. In addition, tabs below the search box for Subject Guide Search and Publication Search offer a more directed approach to finding a specific title or expanding a topic to view related terms. A navigation bar includes links to perform an advanced search with bonus features of Help, Dictionary, Title List, Search History, Highlights and Notes, and My Folder.
All search and navigation features remain constant throughout the site, allowing users to seamlessly switch modes throughout the session. Starting with a Subject Guide search for “Guantanamo,” the system retrieved “Guantanamo Bay Naval Base, Cuba,” with 364 results. Rather than browsing through all of the results, we selected a sublink that organized the broad topic into nearly 50 categories such as “Buildings and facilities,” “Facility closures,” “Military aspects,” etc.
Researchers can refine the search to full-text and/or peer-reviewed journals or use other limiters such as content type, date, document type, or subjects. We opted for a visual approach, selecting Topic Finder to analyze our search results. A resulting wheel diagram displayed words and subjects often found within the text of results. Utilizing this view, we narrowed the search from U.S. Military to Military Personal, selecting “Problems with current U.S. policy” from Foreign Policy in Focus, a project of the Institute for Policy Studies. Title view is another helpful way to see associated terms and their importance.
Related Resources, offered at the end of each article, lead to potential content of interest from outside sources. Recommendations are based on the article viewed. (When cross-searching via Gale’s PowerSearch, results are pulled from all applicable content.) Researchers can scroll through up to 12 related resources. A sampling of related articles for this query included “Warfighting in Cyberspace” and a lengthy article on military involvement in foreign affairs, entitled “The U.S. Role in Peacekeeping-Related Activities.”
The advanced search features limiters such as indexes, peer-review, subject area, and document type. Users can also highlight and take notes; save content to personal lists; and export to Google Drive, OneDrive, and a plethora of citation managers (RefWorks, EasyBib, EndNote, Reference Manager, and ProCite). On-demand text translation into more than 20 languages (including Arabic, Dutch, Hindi, and Korean) will accommodate diverse student populations.
PRICING Pricing for MIDC is based on type of institution and size of the population served/full-time enrollment. An annual subscription starts at $1,407 for community colleges, $1,655 for four-year institutions, $593 for middle school libraries, $1,185 for high school libraries, and $1,150 for public libraries. Contact Gale directly to confirm individual pricing.
VERDICT Affordable for all types of institutions and of value to all levels of researchers, MIDC contains a broad range of content for the study of military science and international relations, affording access to both historical and contemporary resources. Gale’s use of collaborative tools, integrating Google and Microsoft for ease of sharing, will be greatly appreciated by students, teachers, and faculty.
World at War: Understanding Conflict and Society
Free trial available
CONTENT The concise essays in World at War: Understanding Conflict and Society examine four millennia of human conflict, reflecting unromantically on the causes that have lead nations into war and the sobering consequences of its enduring impact on society once military hostilities have ceased. The file allows for exploring wars from 13 historical time periods, starting in “Ancient Greece 2000–30 BCE” and culminating with “A New Millennium, 1991–Present” (e.g., the Gulf War, the Yugoslav Wars, the War in Afghanistan, the War on Terror, and the Iraq War).
Accounts of nearly 50 major conflicts are represented overall, arranged under Topic Centers such as “Ancient Rome,” “The Islamic World,” “Central and East Asia,” “The World Beyond Europe,” “A Time of Revolutions,” “Spheres of Influence,” “The Rise of Nationalism,” and “The Cold War Era.” Essays on each of the major battles feature a discussion of causes and consequences (including an Opponent Overview of the various national and local combatants).
Biographies, glossaries, and time lines supplement the main entries, while approximately 9,000 authoritative reference summaries on key battles, movements, cultural groups, concepts, and organizations enable researchers to develop a complete picture of the conflict under study. Some 10,000 primary-source documents and personal narratives, maps, photos, and other images, as well as a number of video and audio clips, enhance the research experience.
Many of the essays in the Topic Centers incorporate an analysis component, which examines aspects of the conflict from a variety of perspectives with the aim of stimulating debate on a number of provocative historical questions, such as “Did the United States lead Saddam Hussein to believe that it would not intervene if Iraq attacked Kuwait?”
A background essay accompanies each key question. Students are invited to review differing perspectives, examine various documents, or interpret several data sources, and then answer questions. For example: How did the broadcasting of the Gulf War on television impact the public’s perception of the war? A selection of online and print references point students in new directions for further study.
World at War also includes a “News You Can Use” area (where current conflicts are detailed); commentary from military history experts on the “Advisory Board”; and “Tools for Students,” in which users can view videos on aspects of the product, check out a number of tutorials (on such subjects as reading primary sources or making compelling arguments using evidence), and explore wizards who walk and talk them through the process of delivering an oral presentation or writing a position paper. Online help is available via the “Ask a Cybrarian” feature.
USABILITY World at War’s interface allows for conducting a quick keyword search to browse its list of wars or to navigate to the advanced search mode. At the top of the home page, selecting the image representing the historical time period for one of the wars displays between one and nine essays associated with conflicts from that era. The essay for each war summarizes key historical and cultural events of that period.
Additional entries arrayed along the left of the frame connect to other wars in that time period and to articles (on causes, combatants, consequences, historical figures), media, and relevant primary-source documents. Highlighted terms within entries are linked to the database, making it easy for students to dig deeper into the conflict they are researching. “The Library of Additional Resources”—accessible to the left of the text—encourages researchers to explore World at War’s contents fully.
For example, the treatment of the “American Indian Wars 1492–1890“ (under the broader topic “The Rise of Nationalism, 1815–1914”) links to articles on nearly 20 different conflicts, battles, and massacres, as well as subjects such as manifest destiny, captivity narratives, and the Bureau of Indian Affairs. The Documents link, in turn, delivers nine speeches (by Geronimo, Chief Joseph, and others), texts of various treaties, legislation, and official reports, and an excerpt from Helen Hunt Jackson’s landmark 1881 book A Century of Dishonor, which mobilized public opinion behind federal Indian policy reforms.
World at War’s advanced search arranges about four dozen individual conflicts under 13 historical periods throughout 11 regions. Using any combination of checkboxes, this search option provides multiple routes into the product’s content. To begin research, one may enter keywords and build in a higher degree of precision by incorporating Boolean operators or quotation marks to find exact phrases. Keywords are truncated automatically. Searches may also be filtered using checkboxes for general resources (reference articles, biographies, time lines), media type (photos, illustrations, cartoons, AV, maps), and document type (speeches, letters, narratives, newspapers, government, and cultural documents).
We entered “collateral damage” in the search box and checked the box “A New Millennium, 1991–Present,” producing 18 results. Then we filtered results for Political, Government & Court Documents, which found excerpts from the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks upon the United States.
Searching without keywords is also available. It is easy to find letters and narratives relating to the Opium Wars or reference articles on conflicts in Sub-Saharan Africa. Entries are easily saved (to Google Drive or Dropbox) or emailed (using APA, Chicago, or MLA style). Citations may also be exported to EasyBib or RefWorks. World at War can be cross-searched with other ABC-CLIO resources, if subscribed.
PRICING Depending on the type of institution—school, academic, or public library—and the size of the population served, subscriptions for K–12 schools range from $419 to $539 and vary by tier. Fees for academic institutions are between $479 and $779. Public library prices range from $539 to $1,149.
VERDICT “Objectivity and balance,” says the World at War website, “are always of the utmost importance.” Possessing a solid foundation of factual content and a rich assortment of primary source material, World at War may come across as an electronic reference book, but it’s hardly static. New material—such as expert commentary on the significance of retaking the city of Mosul in northern Iraq while that effort was just getting underway—is added constantly. More than 300 items were added to the resource in 2016 alone.
This database comes in a standard edition for schools and public libraries as well as an academic version aimed at college student researchers. The latter version features the Idea Exchange, in which a number of authoritative essays—unique to World at War—demonstrate how scholars debate complex historical questions.
American Civil War Online
Alexander Street Press; alexanderstreet.com/products/american-civil-war-online-package Free trial available
Subscribers to American Civil War Online have the option to buy the resource’s three separate databases (The American Civil War: Letters and Diaries, The American Civil War Research Database, and Images of the American Civil War: Photographs, Posters, and Ephemera) individually or as a package. In both options, pricing is scaled to library budget and population served, available via annual subscription or a onetime purchase of perpetual rights. As of this writing, the content in all three databases is not cross-searchable. Materials include more than 100,000 pages of letters, diaries, and memoirs; hundreds of posters, prints, portraits, etchings and engravings, political cartoons, and rare stereographs; and detailed statistics and personal information about the 4.3 million individuals who fought in the war.
The American Civil War: Letters and Diaries boasts more than 400 sources of diaries, letters, and memoirs as well as 4,000 pages of unpublished manuscript material in facsimile form. The American Civil War Research Database features individuals, regiments, and battles along with indexed, searchable information about soldiers.
Finally, Images of the American Civil War: Photographs, Posters, and Ephemera provides access to graphs and charts, photographs, regimental rosters, and officer profiles as well as statistics on each battle fought during the war, the number of losses, and prisoner statistics. This last collection of photographs, prints, and other visual materials is available through partnerships with the American Antiquarian Society, the Virginia Historical Society, the Library Company of Philadelphia, and the New-York Historical Society.
Gale Cengage Learning; galetrials.com
Free trial available
Archives Unbound offers digital collections of historical material that highlights unpublished manuscripts, printed books, periodicals, and government documents. A sampling of works relevant to military history includes: Women, War and Society, 1914–1918; World War I and Revolution in Russia, 1914–1918: Records of the British Foreign Office; Allied Propaganda in World War II and the British Political Warfare Executive; Cold War: Voices of Confrontation and Conciliation; and Records of the Persian Gulf War, 1990–1991. All are available on Gale Artemis: Primary Sources, a cross-searchable platform that automatically integrates additional Gale primary-source collections, if subscribed.
The First World War
Adam Matthew Digital; firstworldwar.amdigital.co.uk.
Free trial available
The First World War portal showcases a wealth of primary-source material for the study of the Great War (1914–18), complemented by a range of contextual secondary features, including specially commissioned essays by the editorial board. The three available modules include Personal Experiences, drawn from archives around the world. In this subset are diaries, letters, postcards, scrapbooks, and other material on daily life and routines in the army and auxiliary services, conditions in the trenches, food, battles, weapons, death, and more.
A second module, Propaganda and Recruitment, displays sources on recruitment, training, morale, public opinion, censorship, and the development of different forms of propaganda during World War I. Such propaganda consists of German and Russian leaflets, pamphlets, newspaper articles, recruiting posters, photographs, cartoons, and scrapbooks. Visual Perspectives and Narratives presents primary-source content from the holdings of the Imperial War Museum in London, with custom built interactive maps portraying a narrative of the war.
ProQuest History Vault: International Relations and Military Conflicts
Free trial available
The collections of historical material within History Vault are cross-searchable, with full-text and full-image documents. Subscribers can browse digitized letters, papers, photographs, scrapbooks, financial records, diaries, among other materials. The collection International Relations and Military Conflicts consists of eight “modules” spanning the period from the years immediately before the outbreak of World War I through to the end of the Vietnam War.
A sampling of titles includes U.S. Military Intelligence Reports, 1911–1944; U.S. Diplomatic Post Records, 1914–1945; World War II: U.S. Documents on Planning, Operations, Intelligence, Axis War Crimes, and Refugees; Office of Strategic Services (OSS)—State Department Intelligence and Research Reports, 1941–1961; and Vietnam War and American Foreign Policy, 1960–1975. A newly released collection is Women at Work during World War II: Rosie the Riveter.
Trench Journals and Unit Magazines of the First World War
Free trial available
With material published between 1914 and the end of 1919, this resource is a valuable source of rare magazines written and illustrated by and for the men and women of the various armed forces units and associated welfare organizations of every nation involved in the war. Gathered from major libraries and research collections around the world, including those of the Imperial War Museums and the British Library, the file lists more than 1,500 publications, with titles such as Boots Comrades in Khaki, The Dead Horse Corner Gazette: A Monthly Trench Journal of Breezy Comment, and The Jackass: The First Australian General Hospital Monthly.