de Buitléir, Muiris. A Portrait of Dublin in Maps: History, Geography, People, Society. Gill & MacMillan. 2014. 224p. maps. index. ISBN 9780717156160. $52.95. REF
A lifelong Dubliner with a great interest in maps, de Buitléir (president, Irish Institution of Surveyors; former geographic information systems manager, Ireland’s Heritage Svc.) presents a combination time capsule and social, geological, economic, and political survey. The author’s introduction explains that this unusual compendium—its 74 maps are of the same place—is not intended as a replacement for a street atlas of the city. Rather, he says, the book is a complement to such a resource, and he “proposes looking at the city as individual themes.” The topics examined in a chapter each are “Foundations,” “Historical Dublin,” “Physical Structure and Function,” “Utilities and Services,” “Administrative Areas,” “People,” and “Politics,” with an appended section on districts. Chapters include between four and 21 maps each. Some portray typical atlas fare such as relief and drainage, land-use zoning, and bus routes, but others, such as “Gaelic and Scandinavian Dublin,” “Catholic Parishes,” “No Religion: Percentage,” and “Ethnic Origin: Density,” offer a beautifully simple way of investigating the city’s history and perhaps dispelling some stereotypes, at least for readers outside Ireland, about its modern makeup. The individual motifs are also turned over in detail in narrative sections that refer to a map or maps. Within the “People” section, for example, the discussion of population growth between 2006 and 2010 notes the single accompanying map, whereas the text on the Irish-speaking population in the city—the only part of the book that is in Irish—refers to two relevant entries. The historical coverage segment is particularly valuable, offering maps from 1610 up to 2005 and including an entry for lovers of James Joyce’s Ulysses: “Bloomsday, 16 June, 1904,” which shows Leopold Bloom’s and Stephen Dedalus’s described and assumed routes and relevant train and tramlines. VERDICT A gorgeous curio for browsers and essential for collections serving cartographers and historians studying Ireland.—Henrietta Verma, Library Journal
The Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice. 5 vols. Wiley. 2014. 2760p. ed. by Jay S. Albanese. bibliog. index. ISBN 9780470670286. $795. REF
This set is the first in a planned series of encyclopedias from the publisher on the general topic of criminology, with future titles to cover juvenile justice, crime and punishment, and criminology theory. The major strengths of this work are its breadth and depth. Broad categories and individual entries include corrections and sentencing (“Amnesty and Pardon,” “Corporal Punishment,” “Jails,” “Prison Administration”); courts and adjudication (“Appeal,” “Bail Bondsmen,” “Restorative Justice,” “Sentencing Guidelines”); and criminal procedure (“Due Process,” “Grand Jury,” “Habeas Corpus,” “Search and Seizure”). Many other areas are addressed as well, including the history of criminology, types of crimes, and victimization. All these are contained in 540 alphabetically arranged, signed articles that vary from 2,000 to 5,000 words in length. In his introduction, Albanese (criminology, Virginia Commonwealth Univ.; Transnational Crime in the 21st Century) states that academic libraries are the primary market for the material. He also explains that a conscientious effort was made to present a comprehensive assessment of the field “in a student-friendly tone.” This is generally the case, although there are notable exceptions. The entry on “Biological Theories of Crime,” essentially a primer in neuroscience, uses terms such as limbic system and amygdada with little to no explanation. VERDICT An excellent introduction to topics under the criminology umbrella for those unschooled in the field and a state-of-the-art refresher for those who are. This is some pretty in-depth stuff, so it may not be appropriate for smaller academic libraries. For larger institutions though, and certainly for those supporting criminal justice studies, this is a worthwhile purchase. A comparable competing title for collection development dollars is Gerben Bruinsma and David Weisburd’s Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice (Springer, 2013).—Michael Bemis, St. Paul
Schwabach, Aaron. Internet and the Law: Technology, Society, and Compromises. ABC-CLIO. 2014. 350p. bibliog. index. ISBN 9781610693493. $125; ebk. ISBN 9781610693509. REF
Schwabach’s (law, Thomas Jefferson Sch. of Law; Intellectual Property: A Reference Handbook) second edition of a 2005 work provides an overview of key issues in the development of computer and Internet law, including content originating in other countries, freedom of expression online, and intellectual property rights. The introductory materials provide guidance on reading legal citations (based on the Harvard Bluebook and modified slightly for nonattorney users), tips on how to find a relevant law, when it might be best to have the assistance of a law librarian, and a chronology relating to events from 868 to 2013. The 500- to 5,000-word entries cover such topics as click-wrap agreements, hacking, and file sharing; they are organized alphabetically and feature information from legal sources, cross-references, and further reading suggestions. Back matter consists of a thorough and easy-to-use table of authorities by subject and, a bibliography that includes reference works and material by trade legal publishers; the appended selected documents feature court decisions and relevant code sections. VERDICT An excellent reference tool and college-level go-to with no need for users to have in-depth legal knowledge.
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Law & Crime
Battle, Carl. The Pocket Legal Companion to Patents: A Friendly Guide to Protecting and Profiting from Patents. Allworth. 2013. 304p. index. ISBN 9781621532651. pap. $16.95; ebk. ISBN 9781621533894. REF
Hughes, Ellen L. How To Train a Lawyer: The Client Handbook. McKee. 2013 104p. ISBN 9780986062506. pap. $9.95. REF
The Gallup Poll: Public Opinion 2012. Rowman & Littlefield. 2013. 576p. ed. by Frank Newport. ISBN 9781442227163. $125; ebk. ISBN 9781442227170. REF
Consumer Survival: An Encyclopedia of Consumer Rights, Safety, and Protection. ABC-CLIO. 2013. 986p. ed. by Wendy Reiboldt & Melanie Horn Mallers. illus. bibliog. index. ISBN 9781598849363. $189; ebook available. REF
This two-volume work covers the contextual history, emerging issues, people, laws, and agencies related to consumer rights, safety, and protection. More than 200 alphabetically arranged entries address topics such as food and product safety, housing, health care, and the financial and automobile industries, with attention paid to key influencers (e.g., Ralph Nader, Erin Brockovich) and legislation (e.g., HIPAA, Consumer Bill of Rights). In each entry, a 200- to 4,000-word overview essay is accompanied by a further-reading list. Given the title’s scope, its comprehensive index is particularly welcome.
VERDICT This unusual, ambitious reference guides researchers and lay readers alike into the multifaceted world of consumer affairs.
Henshall, Kenneth. Historical Dictionary of Japan to 1945. Scarecrow. (Historical Dictionaries of Ancient Civilizations & Historical Eras). 2013. 595p. bibliog. ISBN 9780810878716. $145; ebk. ISBN 9780810878723. REF
Henshall (A History of Japan: From Stone Age to Superpower) uses the end of the Pacific War as his cutoff point in this dictionary of more than 800 cross-referenced entries covering key people, places, and events in Japan’s history. In a structure aligned with other works in this series, a chronology and introduction set up the entries, which are followed by appendixes that include the full text of the Yalta Agreement and a particularly extensive bibliography that merits its own introduction and table of contents. VERDICT A useful look at the forces that shaped modern-day Japan.
Kemp, Thomas Jay. International Vital Records Handbook. 6th ed. Genealogical. 2013. 697p. ISBN 9780806319810. pap. $69.95. REF
Lately it’s more important than ever to track down that proper piece of paper, whether it’s to prevent identity theft or in pursuit of an interest in genealogical research. Kemp here collects the current required request forms to obtain official as well as “informational” copies of birth, marriage, death, divorce, or pre-adoption certificates and other vital records from around the world. More than 100 pages longer than the 2009 edition, this volume provides patrons with more forms, updated addresses, phone numbers, URLs, and fee information. VERDICT Kemp’s handbook serves as a beneficial offline aggregation tool that can help readers avoid—or supplement—the rabbit hole of online records research.
MacKay, William. The Essential Tolkien Trivia and Quiz Book: A Middle-earth Miscellany. Sterling. 2014. 128p. bibliog. ISBN 9781454911074. $9.95. REF
As fans of J.R.R. Tolkien well know, good things sometimes come in small packages. Trivia book author MacKay has packaged up a series of short quizzes about the life of the Oxford academic–turned–Middle-earth mythmaker from the towering amount of trivia that can be mined from his deeply beloved cycle of stories. MacKay also provides a select bibliography at the end of his collection, which may lure aficionados of these titles and their popular film adaptations to pursue further journeys of knowledge and discovery about the Tolkien realm. VERDICT MacKay’s offering is a fun-size fix for any gobbling Gollum obsessed with Tolkien’s fantasy masterworks.
Soles, Clyde. The Fire Smart Home Handbook: Preparing for and Surviving the Threat of Wildfire. Lyons. Apr. 2014. 288p. illus. index. ISBN 9780762796908. pap. $19.95. REF
If you live in a “red zone,” one of the world’s ever-increasing areas at risk for wildfires, get ready. That’s the mantra from Colorado-based author Soles, who brings his own experiences living through multiple wildfires to this homeowner’s guide. In ten detailed chapters, Soles explains how wildfires begin and behave and the “fire mitigation” strategies with which to prep your land and home for its best potential as “survivable space,” which may actually enhance the scenery and value of your property. Soles also supplies the necessary information on insurance and evacuation planning to have in place. VERDICT This surprisingly inspiring reference urges readers to be prepared for the threat of wildfires.
Thomas, Donald E., Jr. The Lupus Encyclopedia. Johns Hopkins. May 2014. 912p. illus. bibliog. index. ISBN 9781421409832. $69.95; pap. ISBN 9781421409849. $34.95; ebook available. REF
Treat your cold with echinacea, and you just might make your lupus worse. That’s just one of the “secrets” that Thomas, a practicing physician and academic (medicine, Uniformed Services Univ. of the Health Sciences; rheumatology, Walter Reed National Military Medical Ctr.) reveals in this rather daunting reference. In a 44-chapter narrative, Thomas offers both quick tips as well as deep-dive information on this incredibly complex autoimmune disease. He provides a wealth of detail on the many ways lupus affects the human body, the various related treatment options, a range of patient resources for support, and more. VERDICT This book supplies a caring, comprehensive guide to understanding and coping with lupus. Library Journal
Berkshire Publishing Group, based in Great Barrington, MA, is known for creating materials with an international focus, particularly on China. In January, the company, which also has an office in Beijing, published the first three volumes of its Dictionary of Chinese Biography, edited by Australia-based Kerry Brown (China Studies Centre, Univ. of Sydney). The three volumes’ 135 entries cover, according to the publisher, “emperors, politicians, poets, writers, artists, scientists, explorers, and philosophers” from the past 5,000 years. The fourth volume, which will be released in spring 2015, looks at recent history, profiling key figures in China since 1979.
This is the first general Chinese history of its kind since Herbert Giles’s A Chinese Biographical Dictionary in 1898. Why now? Because, Brown says, “Getting an international community of scholars focused on a task like this would have been impossible without excellent information technology. This is a book that is only really possible in the era of instantaneous communication across the world.”
Of course, 5,000 years is a daunting history to tackle. Berkshire CEO Karen Christensen explains that “China experts specialize in periods, so it’s very difficult for anyone to think across the whole of Chinese history. There are other specialized biographical works, but they are just on writers or artists or people in one dynasty or another.” Brown says that the bulk of the research went into “deciding on representative figures across the full space of Chinese dynasties, with an appreciation of the complexity of this history and resisting easy narratives,” a welcome resistance that promises to counterbalance much of the material currently available on China. The editor also notes that the material will “[tell] stories of people and their achievements in the ages in which they lived. Telling history through the story of specific people makes it more comprehensible.”