Alvarez, Alex. Native Americans and the Question of Genocide. Rowman & Littlefield. 2014. 224p. notes. ISBN 9781442225817. $40; ebk. ISBN 9781442225824. HIST
Many Native American activists have claimed that their peoples have been subjected to genocide since the arrival of the first Europeans to the Americas. In this work, Alvarez (criminal justice, Northern Arizona Univ.) seeks to determine whether the assertions are correct. He provides a detailed examination of various definitions of genocide—which he defines as the implementation of a strategy designed to exterminate a group of people—how they are applied and why. According to the author, planning and intent are the key aspects lacking in much of the evidence put forth to support the accusations. It has been argued that disease was used as a weapon, but Alvarez demonstrates that this devastation was inadvertently transmitted. The author looks for collusion among the colonial-era Dutch, English, French, and Spanish, on a plan to eradicate the native peoples. To believe that European powers enacted such an effort would have denied Native Americans their own agency, yet they actively played European powers against one another to advance their interests. Alvarez acknowledges that many atrocities were committed by Euro-Americans but sees those as distinct from massacre. VERDICT Although written about Native Americans, this book is essential reading for anyone interested in human rights as it is a primer on what genocide is and is not.
Cohan, William D. The Price of Silence: The Duke Lacrosse Scandal, the Power of the Elite, and the Corruption of Our Great Universities. Scribner. Apr. 2014. 688p. notes. ISBN 9781451681796. $30; ebk. ISBN 9781451681819. CRIMe
Acclaimed investigative journalist Cohan (Money and Power; House of Cards) turns from his previous focus on Wall Street to the 2006 Duke Lacrosse Scandal, when an event within the alcohol-fueled campus party culture led to charges of rape and a lengthy legal process. Cohan tells the complex story, drawing on public records and interviews, to portray the sports players and the three indicted students, the police investigators, the expert defense team, the academic leadership, and the district attorney who generated a media storm over the case until it was dismissed and he was disbarred. With both detail and clarity, the author engages the reader in the paradox of the emergence of Duke as a nationally ranked university where scholastic excellence vied against a “party hard” social scene. The book articulates the initial response that the case pitted “rich, arrogant, white” athletes against “poor, oppressed, blacks” and the nationwide concern that the accusations of sexual assault reflected unease about “decades of perceived racial, social and economic injustice in America.” VERDICT This excellent presentation of media-generated hysteria over a criminal investigation offers insights into police work, prosecutorial excess, and an extensive and expensive legal defense, set in a North Carolina city where the wealthy university was neighbor to an economically stressed black community and seemed to echo national tensions.
Hill, Barbara Albers. Breaking Through: Using Educational Technology for Children with Special Needs. SquareOne. Apr. 2014. 160p. index. ISBN 9780757003950. pap. $16.95. ED
With the introduction of the iPad in 2010 and the soon to follow various Android and Windows tablets, these highly portable, easy, and fun-to-use devices quickly found their way into classrooms, therapeutic settings, and arsenals of traveling therapists as a new vehicle to support their charges in communication, socialization, and acquisition of fresh skills. Hill (resource teacher in grades one through six; coauthor, How To Maximize Your Child’s Learning Ability) provides a guide for parents and professionals to evaluate tablets, applications, and their usage in assisting children’s individual needs and learning styles. Part 1 discusses the gadget’s appeal to young people; intellectual differences and specific apps; how to introduce tablets and their use at home and at school; and how to adapt a machine to one’s specific requirements, e.g., add-ons and accessories. Part 2 is set up as a buyer’s guide and includes particular recommendations to enhance the learner’s experience. At the end is a glossary and a list of the best websites, app stores, and organizations that offer support and grants for technology for people with developmental and physical challenges. VERDICT This book is a great resource for parents, teachers, and therapists seeking success in fostering academics and social skills in a fun and engaging way to children with a variety of special needs.
Vikings: Life and Legend. Cornell Univ. 2014. 288p. ed. by Gareth Williams & others. illus. notes. bibliog. index. ISBN 9780801479427. pap. $35. HIST
This is the accompanying catalog for the major new exhibit of the same title, edited by experts from each of the three contributing museums. Editors Williams (curator, early medieval coins, British Museum), Peter Pentz (curator, Danish prehistory, National Museum of Denmark), and Matthias Wemhoff (director, Museum for Prehistory and Early History, Berlin) present the central period of the Viking Age, i.e., the ninth and tenth centuries, including treasures of the era, the latest archaeological discoveries, and discussions of the scientific tools with which they are studied. Portrayed here thematically (e.g., in material on warfare, spiritual beliefs, aristocracy, ships), with gorgeous color photos, is a heterogeneous late Iron Age society that interacted both peacefully and violently, settled and conquered, traded and pillaged, and intermarried and raped its way out of Scandinavia and across four continents. Central to the exhibit and this book is the largest ever recovered warship, Roskilde 6, which serves as the perfect icon for a period of terror and exploration, technical achievement, and cultural development by a peoples so integrally involved in seafaring, spiritually and physically. Ships for the Vikings were the primary mode of commerce and war and even served for burial; the essays on them here are especially informative. VERDICT A beautiful, accessible book, with strong interpretive narration that will be enjoyed by Viking enthusiasts, medievalists, artists interested in material culture, and newcomers to the subject. [The exhibit itself has moved from Denmark to the British Museum and will go to Berlin later this year.—Ed.]
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Marsh, Dawn G. A Lenape Among the Quakers: The Life of Hannah Freeman. Univ. of Nebraska. Apr. 2014. 240p. notes. bibliog. index. ISBN 9780803248403. $27.95. BIOG
Pandian, Anand & M.P. Mariappan. Ayya’s Accounts: A Ledger of Hope in Modern India. Indiana Univ. Apr. 2014. 232p. illus. notes. bibliog. ISBN 9780253012586. $65; pap. ISBN 9780253012500. $24; ebk. ISBN 9780253012661. AUTOBIOG
Trebincˇevic´, Kenan with Susan Shapiro. The Bosnia List: A Memoir of War, Exile, and Return. Penguin. 2014. 336p. index. ISBN 9780143124573. pap. $16. AUTOBIOG
Lotz, Amanda D. Cable Guys: Television and Masculinities in the 21st Century. New York Univ. Apr. 2014. 256p. notes. bibliog. index. ISBN 9781479800483. pap. $24. COMM
Goldin, Ian & Mike Mariathasan. The Butterfly Defect: How Globalization Creates Systemic Risks, and What To Do About It. Princeton Univ. Jun. 2014. 352p. ISBN 9780691154701. $35. ECON
Palmer, Kimberly. The Economy of You: Discover Your Inner Entrepreneur and Recession-Proof Your Life. AMACOM. 2014. 256p. ISBN 9780814432730. $21.95; ebk. ISBN 9780814432747. BUS
Schwab-Pomerantz, Carrie. The Charles Schwab Guide to Finances After Fifty: Answers to Your Most Important Money Questions. Crown Business. Apr. 2014. 432p. notes. index. ISBN 9780804137362. $25; ebk. ISBN 9780804137379. BUS
Brooks, Richard. The Knight Who Saved England: William Marshal and the French Invasion, 1217. Osprey. Apr. 2014. 360p. illus. bibliog. index. ISBN 9781849085502. pap. $17.95; ebk. ISBN 9781472808363. HIST
Cox, Jeffrey R. Rising Sun, Falling Skies: The Disastrous Java Sea Campaign of World War II. Osprey. 2014. 504p. illus. notes. bibliog. index. ISBN 9781780967264. $29.95. HIST
James, Lawrence. Churchill and Empire: A Portrait of an Imperialist. Pegasus. Jun. 2014. 448p. photos. notes. bibliog. index. ISBN 9781605985695. $28.95. HIST
Kaiser, David. No End Save Victory: How FDR Led the Nation into War. Basic: Perseus. Apr. 2014. 320p. illus. notes. index. ISBN 9780465019823. $29.99. HIST
McLeod, Kembrew. Pranksters: Making Mischief in the Modern World. New York Univ. Apr. 2014. 352p. notes. bibliog. index. ISBN 9780814796290. $29.95. HIST
Schmitz, David F. Richard Nixon and the Vietnam War: The End of the American Century. Rowman & Littlefield. Apr. 2014. 210p. bibliog. index. ISBN 9781442227095. $38; ebk. ISBN 9781442227101. HIST
Weaver, Jace. The Red Atlantic: American Indigenes and the Making of the Modern World, 1000–1927. Univ. of North Carolina. 2014. 360p. maps. notes. index. ISBN 9781469614380. $29.95. HIST
Yenne, Bill. Area 51 Black Jets: A History of the Aircraft Developed at Groom Lake, America’s Secret Aviation Base. Zenith: Quarto. 2014. 192p. illus. bibliog. index. ISBN 9780760344262. $40. HIST
Law & Crime
Barker, Tracy. “Boys Will Be Boys”: My Fight for Justice Against Halliburton/KBR. Seven Stories. Apr. 2014. 272p. ISBN 9781609805470. pap. $18.95; ebk. ISBN 9781609805487. LAW
Dickie, John. Blood Brotherhoods: Italy and the Rise of Three Mafias. PublicAffairs. Apr. 2014. 800p. illus. maps. notes. index. ISBN 9781610394277. $35. CRIME
Murphy, Laura T. Survivors of Slavery: Modern-Day Slave Narratives. Columbia Univ. 2014. 384p. notes. index. ISBN 9780231164221. $90; pap. ISBN 9780231164238. $30; ebk. ISBN 9780231535755. LAW
Ruderman, Wendy & Barbara Laker. Busted: A Tale of Corruption and Betrayal in the City of Brotherly Love. Harper.2014. 256p. ISBN 9780062085443. $24.99; ebk. ISBN 9780062085467. CRIME
White, Doug. Abusing Donor Intent: The Robertson Family’s Epic Lawsuit Against Princeton University. Paragon. Apr. 2014. 328p. notes. bibliog. index. ISBN 9781557789099. pap. $19.95. LAW
Pope, Nick with others. Encounter in Rendlesham Forest: The Inside Story of the World’s Best-Documented UFO Incident. Thomas Dunne: St. Martin’s. Apr. 2014. 320p. illus. index. ISBN 9781250038104. $25.99; ebk. ISBN 9781250038111. PARAPSYCH
Fox, Renée C. Doctors Without Borders: Humanitarian Quests, Impossible Dreams of Médecins Sans Frontiéres. Johns Hopkins. Jun. 2014. 304p. illus. notes. index. ISBN 9781421413549. $29.95; ebk. ISBN 9781421413556. INT AFFAIRS
Kennan, George F. The Kennan Diaries. Norton. 2014. 736p. ed. by Frank Costigliola. photos. notes. index. ISBN 9780393073270. $39.95. POL SCI
Kundnani, Arun. The Muslims Are Coming! Islamophobia, Extremism, and the Domestic War on Terror. Verso. 2014. 336p. notes. ISBN 9781781681596. $24.95. INT AFFAIRS
Jung, C.G. Dream Interpretation Ancient and Modern: Notes from the Seminar Given in 1936–1941. Princeton Univ. (Philemon Foundation). Jun. 2014. 328p. ed. by John Peck & others. tr. from German by Ernst Falzeder. ISBN 9780691159454. $35. PSYCH
Webster, Richard. Body Language Quick & Easy. Llewellyn. 2014. 264p. ISBN 9780738739540. pap. $16.99. PSYCH
Rank, Mark Robert & others. Chasing the American Dream: Understanding What Shapes Our Fortunes. Oxford Univ. Apr. 2014. 256p. notes. bibliog. ISBN 9780195377910. $27.95. SOC SCI
Travel & Geography
Long, David. Bizarre London: Discover the Capital’s Secrets & Surprises. Skyhorse. 2014. 256p. illus. ISBN 9781628738254. $18.95; ebk. ISBN 9781628739251. TRAV
Damon-Moore, Laura & Erinn Batykefer. The Artist’s Library: A Field Guide. Coffee House. (Books in Action). May 2014. 212p. illus. index. ISBN 9781566893534. $23.95; ebk. ISBN 9781566893633. PRO MEDIA
Librarians Damon-Moore and Batykefer (cofounders, with Christina Endres, Librarian as Incubator Project [LaIP]) have succeeded in producing a guide that benefits artists, librarians, and all creative learners. Libraries and the people who work in and visit them can be an immense resource for building and inspiring creativity, no matter the media in which one works. The authors explore how the institution’s materials, the space, the staff, and the patrons can be valuable to assisting any artistic pursuit. The book details creative research, e.g., artists discuss the benefits to browsing the online catalog, digital collections, and the stacks for a specific project. Sample exercises will motivate learners to take a second look at their neighborhood libraries and use them in new ways. Reference librarians will enjoy suggesting this read to their curious patrons as well as to arts organizations that currently have little or no involvement with libraries. Programming librarians and staff who are tasked with forming tighter community relationships will find a plethora of suggestions for projects that work. VERDICT Librarians who wish to make their library the connecting point between artists and the community should purchase. Perfect for brainstorming planning guides, this book is a permission slip to have fun at the library. [The authors were chosen LJ 2014 Movers & Shakers for their work with LaIP (LJ 3/15/14, p. 34).—Ed.]
Bewes, Diccon. Slow Train to Switzerland: One Tour, Two Trips, 150 Years—And a World of Change Apart. Nicholas Brealey. Apr. 2014. 320p. illus. maps. bibliog. ISBN 9781857886092. $29.95; ebk. ISBN 9781857889765. TRAV
Travel writer Bewes (Swiss Watching), a British expat living in Switzerland, has written a unique account of travel in the Swiss Alps, then and now. In the summer of 1863, Thomas Cook launched the first conducted tour of Switzerland with about 130 travelers crossing the English Channel. The package tour was born and the wonders of Switzerland soon became known among British tourists, popularizing summer and winter activities such as glacier walking, skiing, tobogganing, and mountain climbing. Bewes retraces the tour taken by the Junior United Alpine Club, a group of seven tour members who fearlessly climbed narrow mountain paths in voluminous petticoats, walked for miles in uncomfortable shoes, and dressed for dinner whenever they met up with their luggage. Bewes’s guides are Miss Jemima, a member of the club who kept a diary of her travels, and the contemporary guidebook she used. While many glaciers have shrunk substantially, the rugged and spectacular terrain still impresses. VERDICT Covering the development of tourism, rail travel, and hospitality, this account informs while providing an entertaining read for lovers of history and travel.
Herrmann, Anne. Coming Out Swiss: In Search of Heidi, Chocolate, and My Other Life. Univ. of Wisconsin. Apr. 2014. 262p. illus. bibliog. ISBN 9780299298401. $26.95; ebk. ISBN 9780299298432. SOC SCI
Herrmann (English & women’s studies, emerita, Univ. of Michigan; Queering the Moderns) was born to Swiss parents in New York and has lived in both the States and Switzerland. She felt compelled to write a book that exposes the private discomfort and lack of belonging she experiences regarding her confused national identity as a Swiss outsider, neither native nor resident. Awkwardly using multiple genres, she reveals various biographical insights and offers some facts about Swissness to a world that she believes is generally clueless regarding the uniqueness of the country’s history and ethos. She deposits snippets regarding clichés, forgotten facts, and popular misconceptions of Switzerland to explain such topics as the Alps, chocolate, Swiss neutrality, Swiss gold and banking, Dadaism, and The Swiss Family Robinson. Herrmann uses forced imaginary conversations to present the thoughts and histories of political and social activists, writers, and artists who sojourned in Switzerland and writes her musings about Heidi as brief letters to its author, Johanna Spyri. VERDICT Herrmann’s attempt to come to terms with being Swiss results in an unusual book that will appeal to select readers—those curious about Swiss culture and history and those who likewise feel uncomfortable in their adopted countries.