Berkshire Encyclopedia of World Sport. 3d ed. 3 vols. Berkshire. 2013. 1460p. ed. by David Levinson with Gertrud Pfister. illus. index. ISBN 9781933782676. $499; ebk. ISBN 9781933782621. REF
Long considered the standard work in the field of world sports, this third iteration enhances and improves upon the first two editions. It includes 300 new and updated articles, a guide to unfamiliar sports, and an index to 2014 winter and 2016 summer Olympics events. As in the earlier editions, articles focus on the history, evolution, and future of sports around the world, not just in the United States, and give readers a thorough understanding of why sports are played and what they mean to society. Levinson (Encyclopedia of World Cultures) and Pfister (nutrition, exercise, & sports, Univ. of Copenhagen Inst. of Exercise and Sports Science) emphasize big-picture issues rather than statistical and biographical information. The signed entries range in length from a page to 15 pages, with each offering cross-references and further-reading lists. Unlike in earlier versions, they also feature keywords and abstracts. All three volumes contain hundreds of pictures, sidebars, charts, and illustrations. The final volume has several helpful appendixes and an in-depth index. Written by contributors including scholars, former athletes, and informed fans, this work continues to be the definitive reference on the history, future, practice, and culture of world sports. Its comprehensive content, well-written narrative, and purposeful organization make it an essential resource for the general public and for sports researchers at every level. VERDICT All readers, not just sports fans, will enjoy this update of a time-tested classic. Even owners of the first two editions will want the set because of its new features and revised material.
Gary, Ralph. The Presidents Were Here: A State-by-State Historical Guide. McFarland. 2013. 384p. photos. bibliog. index. ISBN 9780786477159. pap. $35; ebk. ISBN 9781476608136. REF
This engaging, comprehensive accounting of the visits of all U.S. presidents to the states of the union is compiled alphabetically by state and then by city. Coverage includes places of birth, sites of historic speeches, sites of schools attended, sites of attempted and actual assassinations, and so forth. Each man is briefly profiled in the introductory material. Entries display each president’s name in bold and provide a brief description of his activities in that city. The book encompasses both major and more obscure events; for example, it mentions that in Page, AZ, in 1911, Theodore Roosevelt visited the Rainbow Bridge, where he swam underneath and spent some time looking at the formation in the moonlight. Conversely, the section on the District of Columbia takes a detailed look at the White House and all of the activities of the presidents in our nation’s capital. This work also has a short appendix on presidential visits to various places in England and includes an index to sites, organized by president. Black-and-white photographs appear throughout. VERDICT This interesting reference work can be used to gather information on specific presidents or to compile historically significant information about cities throughout the United States. It will also be of interest to trivia buffs, who will enjoy learning about some of the lesser-known activities of the men profiled.
Encyclopedia of White-Collar and Corporate Crime. 2d ed. 2 vols. SAGE. 2013. 1224p. ed. by Lawrence M. Salinger. index. ISBN 9781452225302. $315. REF
Since the publication of the first edition in 2005, white-collar and corporate crimes have captured the world’s attention and wreaked havoc on both financial markets and political systems. This edition boasts close to 500 entries, including 80 new subjects and revisions to outdated entries from the first version. Volume 1 opens with a chronology of white-collar crime running from the 7th century BCE to 2013. The clear, authoritative essays that follow cover a wide range of offenses, including organized crime, drug trafficking, money laundering, bribery, and government corruption. Entries are by academics and independent scholars and range in length from a few paragraphs to several pages each, followed by “see also” references and suggestions for further reading. The second volume contains a glossary, a resource guide, an appendix of relevant excerpts from key legislation, and a thorough index. Given the intricacies of many notable cases, this set excels at conveying the complexities that often lead to punishable white-collar offenses. It highlights background information such as the botched governmental oversight that indirectly led to the BP Deepwater Horizon disaster. Another interesting entry examines the layers of personal and professional deceit that allowed Bernard Madoff to execute his now infamous Ponzi scheme. VERDICT This encyclopedia is not designed for use as a legal reference; its value lies in its fascinating and evenhanded documentation of the most egregious examples of corporate, political, and individual transgression throughout history. Recommended for high school students and adults with an interest in white-collar and corporate crime.
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Fashion, Costume, and Culture: Clothing, Headwear, Body Decorations, and Footwear Through the Ages. 2d ed. 6 vols. Gale. 2013. 2040p. ed. by Sara Pendergast. illus. index. ISBN 9781414498416. $450; ebk. ISBN 9781414498485. REF
The Iraq War Encyclopedia. ABC-CLIO. 2013. 542p. ed. by Thomas R. Mockaitis. photos. maps. bibliog. index. ISBN 9780313380624. $100; ebk. ISBN 9780313380631. REF
The Princeton Guide to Evolution. Princeton Univ. Dec. 2013. 928p. ed. by Jonathan B. Losos & others. illus. bibliog. index. ISBN 9780691149776. $99. REF
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