The New Partridge Dictionary of Slang and Unconventional English. 2d ed. 2 vols. Routledge. (Dictionary of Slang & Unconventional English). 2013. 3741p. ed. by Tom Dalzell & Terry Victor. bibliog. ISBN 9780415619493. $320. REF
The “new” aspect of this dictionary is highlighted in this second edition. Many of the 1,000 new entries, from a total of 60,000, are related to social networking and are terms that have emerged since the December 2005 first edition. Also new is an online version of the resource to which readers can subscribe. Enhanced content distinguishes this edition in two other chief ways: citations and dating. For example, some entries from the first edition now have two or three additional citations. Additional dating information and editorial glosses (explanations) have been added. However, important aspects of this dictionary have not changed: the same six professional linguists have supported the editors, the same focus remains (to document slang from the period after World War II), and the same layout of the entries is retained. Both focus and layout set the resource apart from Green’s Dictionary of Slang. Most entries are more brief in New Partridge than in Green’s work, owing to Green’s heavier emphasis on etymology and providing numerous citations. This resource, on the other hand, allows more coverage of certain areas, such as U.S. military slang from the Vietnam era. New Partridge’s layout is less dense and the type larger to encourage the scanning and browsing so enjoyable to many readers. In contrast, the newly available online version’s search options enable more sophisticated searching. Efficient updating of the database will foster the editors’ niche—documenting recent words. VERDICT Recommended for language students because of its emphasis and commitment to documenting recent slang.
Encyclopedia of Domestic Violence and Abuse. 2 vols. ABC-CLIO. 2013. 888p. ed. by Laura L. Finley. ISBN 9781610690010. $189. REF
Finley (sociology & criminology, Barry Univ.; coauthor, Beyond Burning Bras: Feminist Activism for Everyone) gathers here an excellent collection of entries on the major topics related to domestic violence and abuse. The introduction provides an extensive overview of the issues and causes of the problems, and a time line from 753 BCE to the present highlights major laws and events pertaining to women’s legal rights. Entries include types of abuse, sociological and psychological theories about it, government agencies and programs, nongovernment organizations (NGOs), cultural influences on abuse, and socioeconomic factors. The issue of domestic abuse and violence is not limited to one country or set of countries, nor is it limited by race, ethnicity or income, and the articles point to this complexity. Further-reading suggestions at the end of each entry include articles from websites such as those of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, WomensLaw.org, the United Nations, and various universities. There is an appendix of primary documents at the end of the second volume along with a list of state, national, and international organizations plus a glossary and recommended resources. VERDICT A researcher needing information on domestic violence and abuse will find this encyclopedia to be an extremely valuable resource. Recommended for academic libraries.
Atrocities, Massacres, and War Crimes: An Encyclopedia. 2 vols. ABC-CLIO. 2013. 868p. ed. by Alexander Mikaberidze. bibliog. index. ISBN 9781598849257. $189. REF
Readers will find this set at once enlightening and depressing; the former because it is well written and thoroughly researched, the latter because it represents a litany of murder, rape, and torture (the entry on Josef Stalin, for example, describes how the unchallenged leader’s political purges resulted in a greater loss of life than the Holocaust). Mikaberidze (history, Louisiana State Univ., Shreveport) presides over 400-plus alphabetically arranged signed entries covering individuals, events, ideas, treaties, geographic locations, and more, all in an effort to give researchers the “big picture” of the haves mistreating the have nots in both war and peace. The emphasis is on the 20th century, but examples are culled from prehistory onward. Special features include a “Chronology of Massacres and War Crimes,” a glossary, a general bibliography, and two indexes, one by topic and the other a traditional alphabetical listing. VERDICT Written for an audience of high school and undergraduate college students, this very accessible and informative work would be a worthwhile purchase for libraries serving not only those populations but also most public libraries as well. An overall excellent contribution to the literature of its field.
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Cock-Starkey, Claire. Seeing the Bigger Picture: Global Infographics. Michael O’Mara. 2013. 192p. ISBN 9781843177869. $23.95. REF
Health & Medicine
The Gale Encyclopedia of Environmental Health. 2 vols. Gale. 2013. 936p. ed. by Jacqueline L. Longe. illus. index. ISBN 9781414498805. $525. REF
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ea vol: Grey House. (Critical Insights). bibliog. index. $85 REF
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